Navigation

Install MongoDB on SUSE

Overview

Use this tutorial to install MongoDB on SUSE Linux from .rpm packages. While SUSE distributions include their own MongoDB packages, the official MongoDB packages are generally more up to date.

Platform Support

This installation guide only supports 64-bit systems. See Platform Support for details.

Packages

MongoDB provides officially supported packages in their own repository. This repository contains the following packages:

Init Scripts

The mongodb-org package includes various init scripts, including the init script /etc/rc.d/init.d/mongod. These scripts are used to stop, start, and restart daemon processes.

The package configures MongoDB using the /etc/mongod.conf file in conjunction with the init scripts. See the Configuration File reference for documentation of settings available in the configuration file.

As of version 3.0.15, there are no init scripts for mongos. The mongos process is used only in sharding. You can use the mongod init script to derive your own mongos init script for use in such environments. See the mongos reference for configuration details.

Considerations

This installation guide only supports 64-bit systems. See Platform Support for details.

The default /etc/mongod.conf configuration file supplied by the 3.0 series packages has bind_ip set to 127.0.0.1 by default. Modify this setting as needed for your environment before initializing a replica set.

Changed in version 2.6: The package structure and names have changed as of version 2.6. For instructions on installation of an older release, please refer to the documentation for the appropriate version.

Note

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 and potentially other versions of SLES and other SUSE distributions ship with virtual memory address space limited to 8GB by default. This must be adjusted in order to prevent virtual memory allocation failures as the database grows.

The SLES packages for MongoDB adjust these limits in the default scripts, but you will need to make this change manually if you are using custom scripts and/or the tarball release rather than the SLES packages.

Install MongoDB

1

Configure the package management system (zypper).

Add the repository so that you can install MongoDB using zypper.

Changed in version 3.0: MongoDB Linux packages for 3.0 are in a new repository.

For the latest stable release of MongoDB

Use the following command:

sudo zypper addrepo --no-gpgcheck https://repo.mongodb.org/zypper/suse/11/mongodb-org/3.0/x86_64/ mongodb

For versions of MongoDB earlier than 3.0

To install MongoDB packages from a previous release series, such as 2.6, you can specify the release series in the repository configuration. For example, to restrict your system to the 2.6 release series, use the following command:

sudo zypper addrepo --no-gpgcheck http://downloads-distro.mongodb.org/repo/suse/os/x86_64/ mongodb
2

Install the MongoDB packages and associated tools.

When you install the packages, you choose whether to install the current release or a previous one. This step provides the commands for both.

To install the latest stable version of MongoDB, issue the following command:

sudo zypper -n install mongodb-org

To install a specific release of MongoDB, specify each component package individually and append the version number to the package name, as in the following example:

sudo zypper install mongodb-org-3.0.15 mongodb-org-server-3.0.15 mongodb-org-shell-3.0.15 mongodb-org-mongos-3.0.15 mongodb-org-tools-3.0.15

You can specify any available version of MongoDB. However zypper will upgrade the packages when a newer version becomes available. To prevent unintended upgrades, pin the packages by running the following command:

sudo zypper addlock mongodb-org-3.0.15 mongodb-org-server-3.0.15 mongodb-org-shell-3.0.15 mongodb-org-mongos-3.0.15 mongodb-org-tools-3.0.15

Previous versions of MongoDB packages use a different repository location. Refer to the version of the documentation appropriate for your MongoDB version.

Run MongoDB

Prerequisites

The MongoDB instance stores its data files in /var/lib/mongo and its log files in /var/log/mongodb by default, and runs using the mongod user account. You can specify alternate log and data file directories in /etc/mongod.conf. See systemLog.path and storage.dbPath for additional information.

If you change the user that runs the MongoDB process, you must modify the access control rights to the /var/lib/mongo and /var/log/mongodb directories to give this user access to these directories.

Procedure

1

Start MongoDB.

You can start the mongod process by issuing the following command:

sudo service mongod start
2

Verify that MongoDB has started successfully

You can verify that the mongod process has started successfully by checking the contents of the log file at /var/log/mongodb/mongod.log for a line reading

[initandlisten] waiting for connections on port <port>

where <port> is the port configured in /etc/mongod.conf, 27017 by default.

You can optionally ensure that MongoDB will start following a system reboot by issuing the following command:

sudo chkconfig mongod on
3

Stop MongoDB.

As needed, you can stop the mongod process by issuing the following command:

sudo service mongod stop
4

Restart MongoDB.

You can restart the mongod process by issuing the following command:

sudo service mongod restart

You can follow the state of the process for errors or important messages by watching the output in the /var/log/mongodb/mongod.log file.

5

Begin using MongoDB.

To help you start using MongoDB, MongoDB provides Getting Started Guides in various driver editions. See Getting Started for the available editions.

Before deploying MongoDB in a production environment, consider the Production Notes document.

Later, to stop MongoDB, press Control+C in the terminal where the mongod instance is running.

Uninstall MongoDB

To completely remove MongoDB from a system, you must remove the MongoDB applications themselves, the configuration files, and any directories containing data and logs. The following section guides you through the necessary steps.

Warning

This process will completely remove MongoDB, its configuration, and all databases. This process is not reversible, so ensure that all of your configuration and data is backed up before proceeding.

1

Stop MongoDB.

Stop the mongod process by issuing the following command:

sudo service mongod stop
2

Remove Packages.

Remove any MongoDB packages that you had previously installed.

sudo zypper remove $(rpm -qa | grep mongodb-org)
3

Remove Data Directories.

Remove MongoDB databases and log files.

sudo rm -r /var/log/mongodb
sudo rm -r /var/lib/mongo