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$dayOfYear (aggregation)

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Definition

$dayOfYear

Returns the day of the year for a date as a number between 1 and 366.

The $dayOfYear expression has the following syntax:

{ $dayOfYear: <expression> }

The argument can be any expression as long as it resolves to a date. For more information on expressions, see Expressions.

Example

Consider a sales collection with the following document:

{ "_id" : 1, "item" : "abc", "price" : 10, "quantity" : 2, "date" : ISODate("2014-01-01T08:15:39.736Z") }

The following aggregation uses the $dayOfYear and other date expressions to break down the date field:

db.sales.aggregate(
   [
     {
       $project:
         {
           year: { $year: "$date" },
           month: { $month: "$date" },
           day: { $dayOfMonth: "$date" },
           hour: { $hour: "$date" },
           minutes: { $minute: "$date" },
           seconds: { $second: "$date" },
           milliseconds: { $millisecond: "$date" },
           dayOfYear: { $dayOfYear: "$date" },
           dayOfWeek: { $dayOfWeek: "$date" },
           week: { $week: "$date" }
         }
     }
   ]
)

The operation returns the following result:

{
  "_id" : 1,
  "year" : 2014,
  "month" : 1,
  "day" : 1,
  "hour" : 8,
  "minutes" : 15,
  "seconds" : 39,
  "milliseconds" : 736,
  "dayOfYear" : 1,
  "dayOfWeek" : 4,
  "week" : 0
}