Install MongoDB on Debian¶
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Use this tutorial to install MongoDB from
.deb packages on
Debian 7 “Wheezy”. While Debian includes its own MongoDB packages, the
official MongoDB packages are more up to date.
MongoDB only provides packages for 64-bit Debian “Wheezy”. These packages may work with other Debian releases, but this is not a supported configuration.
MongoDB provides officially supported packages in their own repository. This repository contains the following packages:
This package is a
metapackagethat will automatically install the four component packages listed below.
This package contains the
mongoddaemon and associated configuration and init scripts.
This package contains the
This package contains the
mongodb-org package includes various init scripts, including the init script
/etc/init.d/mongod. These scripts
are used to stop, start, and restart daemon processes.
The package configures MongoDB using the
/etc/mongod.conf file in
conjunction with the init scripts. See
the Configuration File
reference for documentation of settings available in the configuration file.
As of version 3.0.13, there are no init scripts for
mongos process is used only in
sharding. You can use the
mongod init script
to derive your own
mongos init script for use in such
environments. See the
mongos reference for configuration details.
This installation guide only supports 64-bit systems. See Platform Support for details.
You cannot install this package concurrently with the
mongodb-clients packages that
your release of Debian may include.
/etc/mongod.conf configuration file supplied by the
3.0 series packages has
bind_ip set to
127.0.0.1 by default. Modify this setting as needed for your
environment before initializing a replica set.
Changed in version 2.6: The package structure and names have changed as of version 2.6. For instructions on installation of an older release, please refer to the documentation for the appropriate version.
The Debian package management tools (i.e.
package consistency and authenticity by requiring that distributors
sign packages with GPG keys.
/etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-3.0.list file for MongoDB.¶
Create the list file using the following command:
echo "deb http://repo.mongodb.org/apt/debian wheezy/mongodb-org/3.0 main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-3.0.list
Currently packages are only available for Debian 7 (Wheezy).
Reload local package database.¶
Issue the following command to reload the local package database:
sudo apt-get update
Install the MongoDB packages.¶
You can install either the latest stable version of MongoDB or a specific version of MongoDB.
Install the latest stable version of MongoDB.¶
Issue the following command:
sudo apt-get install -y mongodb-org
Install a specific release of MongoDB.¶
To install a specific release, you must specify each component package individually along with the version number, as in the following example:
sudo apt-get install -y mongodb-org=3.0.13 mongodb-org-server=3.0.13 mongodb-org-shell=3.0.13 mongodb-org-mongos=3.0.13 mongodb-org-tools=3.0.13
If you only install
mongodb-org=3.0.13 and do not include the
component packages, the latest version of each MongoDB package will be
installed regardless of what version you specified.
Pin a specific version of MongoDB.¶
Although you can specify any available version of MongoDB,
apt-get will upgrade the packages when a newer version
becomes available. To prevent unintended upgrades, pin the
package. To pin the version of MongoDB at the currently
installed version, issue the following command sequence:
echo "mongodb-org hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections echo "mongodb-org-server hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections echo "mongodb-org-shell hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections echo "mongodb-org-mongos hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections echo "mongodb-org-tools hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections
Versions of the MongoDB packages before 2.6 use a different repository location. Refer to the version of the documentation appropriate for your MongoDB version.
The MongoDB instance stores its data files in
and its log files in
/var/log/mongodb by default,
and runs using the
user account. You can specify alternate log and data file
storage.dbPath for additional information.
If you change the user that runs the MongoDB process, you
must modify the access control rights to the
/var/log/mongodb directories to give this user access to these
Verify that MongoDB has started successfully¶
Verify that the
mongod process has started successfully by
checking the contents of the log file at
for a line reading
[initandlisten] waiting for connections on port <port>
<port> is the port configured in
27017 by default.
Begin using MongoDB.¶
Before deploying MongoDB in a production environment, consider the Production Notes document.
Later, to stop MongoDB, press
Control+C in the terminal where the
mongod instance is running.
To completely remove MongoDB from a system, you must remove the MongoDB applications themselves, the configuration files, and any directories containing data and logs. The following section guides you through the necessary steps.
This process will completely remove MongoDB, its configuration, and all databases. This process is not reversible, so ensure that all of your configuration and data is backed up before proceeding.
Remove any MongoDB packages that you had previously installed.
sudo apt-get purge mongodb-org*
Remove Data Directories.¶
Remove MongoDB databases and log files.
sudo rm -r /var/log/mongodb sudo rm -r /var/lib/mongodb