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Bulk.execute()

Description

Bulk.execute()

New in version 2.6.

Executes the list of operations built by the Bulk() operations builder.

Bulk.execute() accepts the following parameter:

Parameter Type Description
writeConcern document

Optional. Write concern document for the bulk operation as a whole. Omit to use default. For a standalone mongod server, the write concern defaults to { w: 1 }. With a replica set, the default write concern is { w: 1 } unless modified as part of the replica set configuration.

See Override Default Write Concern for an example.

Returns:A BulkWriteResult object that contains the status of the operation.

After execution, you cannot re-execute the Bulk() object without reinitializing. See db.collection.initializeUnorderedBulkOp() and db.collection.initializeOrderedBulkOp().

Behavior

Ordered Operations

When executing an ordered list of operations, MongoDB groups the operations by the operation type and contiguity; i.e. contiguous operations of the same type are grouped together. For example, if an ordered list has two insert operations followed by an update operation followed by another insert operation, MongoDB groups the operations into three separate groups: first group contains the two insert operations, second group contains the update operation, and the third group contains the last insert operation. This behavior is subject to change in future versions.

Each group of operations can have at most 1000 operations. If a group exceeds this limit, MongoDB will divide the group into smaller groups of 1000 or less. For example, if the bulk operations list consists of 2000 insert operations, MongoDB creates 2 groups, each with 1000 operations.

The sizes and grouping mechanics are internal performance details and are subject to change in future versions.

To see how the operations are grouped for a bulk operation execution, call Bulk.getOperations() after the execution.

Executing an ordered list of operations on a sharded collection will generally be slower than executing an unordered list since with an ordered list, each operation must wait for the previous operation to finish.

Unordered Operations

When executing an unordered list of operations, MongoDB groups the operations. With an unordered bulk operation, the operations in the list may be reordered to increase performance. As such, applications should not depend on the ordering when performing unordered bulk operations.

Each group of operations can have at most 1000 operations. If a group exceeds this limit, MongoDB will divide the group into smaller groups of 1000 or less. For example, if the bulk operations list consists of 2000 insert operations, MongoDB creates 2 groups, each with 1000 operations.

The sizes and grouping mechanics are internal performance details and are subject to change in future versions.

To see how the operations are grouped for a bulk operation execution, call Bulk.getOperations() after the execution.

Examples

Execute Bulk Operations

The following initializes a Bulk() operations builder on the items collection, adds a series of insert operations, and executes the operations:

var bulk = db.items.initializeUnorderedBulkOp();
bulk.insert( { item: "abc123", status: "A", defaultQty: 500, points: 5 } );
bulk.insert( { item: "ijk123", status: "A", defaultQty: 100, points: 10 } );
bulk.execute( );

The operation returns the following BulkWriteResult() object:

BulkWriteResult({
   "writeErrors" : [ ],
   "writeConcernErrors" : [ ],
   "nInserted" : 2,
   "nUpserted" : 0,
   "nMatched" : 0,
   "nModified" : 0,
   "nRemoved" : 0,
   "upserted" : [ ]
})

For details on the return object, see BulkWriteResult(). For details on the batches executed, see Bulk.getOperations().

Override Default Write Concern

The following operation to a replica set specifies a write concern of "w: majority" with a wtimeout of 5000 milliseconds such that the method returns after the writes propagate to a majority of the voting replica set members or the method times out after 5 seconds.

Changed in version 3.0: In previous versions, majority referred to the majority of all members of the replica set instead of the majority of the voting members.

var bulk = db.items.initializeUnorderedBulkOp();
bulk.insert( { item: "efg123", status: "A", defaultQty: 100, points: 0 } );
bulk.insert( { item: "xyz123", status: "A", defaultQty: 100, points: 0 } );
bulk.execute( { w: "majority", wtimeout: 5000 } );

The operation returns the following BulkWriteResult() object:

BulkWriteResult({
   "writeErrors" : [ ],
   "writeConcernErrors" : [ ],
   "nInserted" : 2,
   "nUpserted" : 0,
   "nMatched" : 0,
   "nModified" : 0,
   "nRemoved" : 0,
   "upserted" : [ ]
})

See

Bulk() for a listing of methods available for bulk operations.