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$push (aggregation)

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Definition

$push

Returns an array of all values that result from applying an expression to each document in a group of documents that share the same group by key.

$push is an accumulator operator available only in the $group stage.

$push has the following syntax:

{ $push: <expression> }

For more information on expressions, see Expressions.

Example

Consider a sales collection with the following documents:

{ "_id" : 1, "item" : "abc", "price" : 10, "quantity" : 2, "date" : ISODate("2014-01-01T08:00:00Z") }
{ "_id" : 2, "item" : "jkl", "price" : 20, "quantity" : 1, "date" : ISODate("2014-02-03T09:00:00Z") }
{ "_id" : 3, "item" : "xyz", "price" : 5, "quantity" : 5, "date" : ISODate("2014-02-03T09:05:00Z") }
{ "_id" : 4, "item" : "abc", "price" : 10, "quantity" : 10, "date" : ISODate("2014-02-15T08:00:00Z") }
{ "_id" : 5, "item" : "xyz", "price" : 5, "quantity" : 10, "date" : ISODate("2014-02-15T09:05:00Z") }
{ "_id" : 6, "item" : "xyz", "price" : 5, "quantity" : 5, "date" : ISODate("2014-02-15T12:05:10Z") }
{ "_id" : 7, "item" : "xyz", "price" : 5, "quantity" : 10, "date" : ISODate("2014-02-15T14:12:12Z") }

Grouping the documents by the day and the year of the date field, the following operation uses the $push accumulator to compute the list of items and quantities sold for each group:

db.sales.aggregate(
   [
     {
       $group:
         {
           _id: { day: { $dayOfYear: "$date"}, year: { $year: "$date" } },
           itemsSold: { $push:  { item: "$item", quantity: "$quantity" } }
         }
     }
   ]
)

The operation returns the following results:

{
   "_id" : { "day" : 46, "year" : 2014 },
   "itemsSold" : [
      { "item" : "abc", "quantity" : 10 },
      { "item" : "xyz", "quantity" : 10 },
      { "item" : "xyz", "quantity" : 5 },
      { "item" : "xyz", "quantity" : 10 }
   ]
}
{
   "_id" : { "day" : 34, "year" : 2014 },
   "itemsSold" : [
      { "item" : "jkl", "quantity" : 1 },
      { "item" : "xyz", "quantity" : 5 }
   ]
}
{
   "_id" : { "day" : 1, "year" : 2014 },
   "itemsSold" : [ { "item" : "abc", "quantity" : 2 } ]
}