Fix This Page
Navigation

$strcasecmp (aggregation)

On this page

Definition

$strcasecmp

Performs case-insensitive comparison of two strings. Returns

  • 1 if first string is “greater than” the second string.
  • 0 if the two strings are equal.
  • -1 if the first string is “less than” the second string.

$strcasecmp has the following syntax:

{ $strcasecmp: [ <expression1>, <expression2> ] }

The arguments can be any valid expression as long as they resolve to strings. For more information on expressions, see Expressions.

Behavior

$strcasecmp only has a well-defined behavior for strings of ASCII characters.

For a case sensitive comparison, see $cmp.

Example

Consider a inventory collection with the following documents:

{ "_id" : 1, "item" : "ABC1", quarter: "13Q1", "description" : "product 1" }
{ "_id" : 2, "item" : "ABC2", quarter: "13Q4", "description" : "product 2" }
{ "_id" : 3, "item" : "XYZ1", quarter: "14Q2", "description" : null }

The following operation uses the $strcasecmp operator to perform case-insensitive comparison of the quarter field value to the string "13q4":

db.inventory.aggregate(
   [
     {
       $project:
          {
            item: 1,
            comparisonResult: { $strcasecmp: [ "$quarter", "13q4" ] }
          }
      }
   ]
)

The operation returns the following results:

{ "_id" : 1, "item" : "ABC1", "comparisonResult" : -1 }
{ "_id" : 2, "item" : "ABC2", "comparisonResult" : 0 }
{ "_id" : 3, "item" : "XYZ1", "comparisonResult" : 1 }