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$avg (aggregation)

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Definition

$avg

Returns the average value of the numeric values that result from applying a specified expression to each document in a group of documents that share the same group by key. $avg ignores non-numeric values.

$avg is an accumulator operator available only in the $group stage.

$avg has the following syntax:

{ $avg: <expression> }

For more information on expressions, see Expressions.

Example

Consider a sales collection with the following documents:

{ "_id" : 1, "item" : "abc", "price" : 10, "quantity" : 2, "date" : ISODate("2014-01-01T08:00:00Z") }
{ "_id" : 2, "item" : "jkl", "price" : 20, "quantity" : 1, "date" : ISODate("2014-02-03T09:00:00Z") }
{ "_id" : 3, "item" : "xyz", "price" : 5, "quantity" : 5, "date" : ISODate("2014-02-03T09:05:00Z") }
{ "_id" : 4, "item" : "abc", "price" : 10, "quantity" : 10, "date" : ISODate("2014-02-15T08:00:00Z") }
{ "_id" : 5, "item" : "xyz", "price" : 5, "quantity" : 10, "date" : ISODate("2014-02-15T09:12:00Z") }

Grouping the documents by the item field, the following operation uses the $avg accumulator to compute the average amount and average quantity for each grouping.

db.sales.aggregate(
   [
     {
       $group:
         {
           _id: "$item",
           avgAmount: { $avg: { $multiply: [ "$price", "$quantity" ] } },
           avgQuantity: { $avg: "$quantity" }
         }
     }
   ]
)

The operation returns the following results:

{ "_id" : "xyz", "avgAmount" : 37.5, "avgQuantity" : 7.5 }
{ "_id" : "jkl", "avgAmount" : 20, "avgQuantity" : 1 }
{ "_id" : "abc", "avgAmount" : 60, "avgQuantity" : 6 }