Navigation
This version will reach end of life on Feb 2018. To upgrade, go to the Learn more about upgrading your version of MongoDB.

$toUpper (aggregation)

On this page

Definition

$toUpper

Converts a string to uppercase, returning the result.

$toUpper has the following syntax:

{ $toUpper: <expression> }

The argument can be any expression as long as it resolves to a string. For more information on expressions, see Expressions.

If the argument resolves to null, $toLower returns an empty string "".

Behavior

$toUpper only has a well-defined behavior for strings of ASCII characters.

Example

Consider a inventory collection with the following documents:

{ "_id" : 1, "item" : "ABC1", quarter: "13Q1", "description" : "PRODUCT 1" }
{ "_id" : 2, "item" : "abc2", quarter: "13Q4", "description" : "Product 2" }
{ "_id" : 3, "item" : "xyz1", quarter: "14Q2", "description" : null }

The following operation uses the $toUpper operator return uppercase item and uppercase description values:

db.inventory.aggregate(
   [
     {
       $project:
         {
           item: { $toUpper: "$item" },
           description: { $toUpper: "$description" }
         }
     }
   ]
)

The operation returns the following results:

{ "_id" : 1, "item" : "ABC1", "description" : "PRODUCT 1" }
{ "_id" : 2, "item" : "ABC2", "description" : "PRODUCT 2" }
{ "_id" : 3, "item" : "XYZ1", "description" : "" }