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Install MongoDB Enterprise on Ubuntu

Overview

Use this tutorial to install MongoDB Enterprise on LTS Ubuntu Linux systems using .deb packages.

Important

The unofficial mongodb package provided by Ubuntu is not maintained by MongoDB. You should always use the official MongoDB mongodb-enterprise packages, which are kept up-to-date with the most recent major and minor MongoDB releases.

Platform Support

Note

  • Support for Ubuntu 16.04 PPCLE has been removed from MongoDB 3.4.21+.

    For earlier MongODB Enterprise versions that support Ubuntu 16.04 POWER/PPC64LE:

    Due to a lock elision bug present in older versions of the glibc package on Ubuntu 16.04 for POWER, you must upgrade the glibc package to at least glibc 2.23-0ubuntu5 before running MongoDB. Systems with older versions of the glibc package will experience database server crashes and misbehavior due to random memory corruption, and are unsuitable for production deployments of MongoDB.

  • Support for Ubuntu 12.04 has been removed from MongoDB 3.4.15+.

MongoDB only provides packages for the following 64-bit LTS (long-term support) Ubuntu release(s):

  • 14.04 LTS (trusty)
  • 16.04 LTS (xenial)

See Supported Platforms for more information.

MongoDB provides officially supported Enterprise packages in their own repository. This repository contains the following packages:

Package Name Description
mongodb-enterprise A metapackage that will automatically install the four component packages listed below.
mongodb-enterprise-server Contains the mongod daemon and associated configuration and init scripts.
mongodb-enterprise-mongos Contains the mongos daemon.
mongodb-enterprise-shell Contains the mongo shell.
mongodb-enterprise-tools Contains the following MongoDB tools: mongoimport bsondump, mongodump, mongoexport, mongofiles, mongooplog, mongoperf, mongorestore, mongostat, and mongotop.

Install MongoDB Enterprise

Note

To install a different version of MongoDB, please refer to that version’s documentation. For example, see version 3.2.

MongoDB only provides packages for the following 64-bit LTS (long-term support) Ubuntu release(s):

  • 14.04 LTS (trusty)
  • 16.04 LTS (xenial)

See Supported Platforms for more information.

Use the provided distribution packages as described in this page if possible. These packages will automatically install all of MongoDB’s dependencies, and are the recommended installation method.

1

Import the public key used by the package management system.

From a terminal, issue the following command to import the MongoDB public GPG Key from https://www.mongodb.org/static/pgp/server-3.4.asc:

wget -qO - https://www.mongodb.org/static/pgp/server-3.4.asc | sudo apt-key add -

The operation should respond with an OK.

2

Create a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-enterprise.list file for MongoDB.

Create the list file using the command appropriate for your version of Ubuntu:

Ubuntu 14.04
echo "deb [ arch=amd64 ] http://repo.mongodb.com/apt/ubuntu trusty/mongodb-enterprise/3.4 multiverse" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-enterprise.list
Ubuntu 16.04
echo "deb [ arch=amd64,arm64,s390x ] http://repo.mongodb.com/apt/ubuntu xenial/mongodb-enterprise/3.4 multiverse" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-enterprise.list

If you’d like to install MongoDB Enterprise packages from a particular release series, such as 3.4, you can specify the release series in the repository configuration. For example, to restrict your system to the 3.4 release series, add the following repository:

echo "deb http://repo.mongodb.com/apt/ubuntu "$(lsb_release -sc)"/mongodb-enterprise/3.4 multiverse" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-enterprise-3.4.list
3

Reload local package database.

Issue the following command to reload the local package database:

sudo apt-get update
4

Install the MongoDB Enterprise packages.

Install the latest stable version of MongoDB Enterprise.

Issue the following command:

sudo apt-get install -y mongodb-enterprise

Versions of the MongoDB packages before 2.6 use a different repository location. Refer to the version of the documentation appropriate for your MongoDB version.

Install MongoDB Enterprise From Tarball

While you should use the .deb packages as previously described, you may also manually install MongoDB using the tarballs. See Install MongoDB Enterprise From Tarball for details.

Run MongoDB Enterprise

The MongoDB instance stores its data files in /var/lib/mongodb and its log files in /var/log/mongodb by default, and runs using the mongodb user account. You can specify alternate log and data file directories in /etc/mongod.conf. See systemLog.path and storage.dbPath for additional information.

If you change the user that runs the MongoDB process, you must modify the access control rights to the /var/lib/mongodb and /var/log/mongodb directories to give this user access to these directories.

Most Unix-like operating systems limit the system resources that a session may use. These limits may negatively impact MongoDB operation. See UNIX ulimit Settings for more information.

1

Start MongoDB.

Issue the following command to start mongod:

sudo service mongod start
2

Verify that MongoDB has started successfully

Verify that the mongod process has started successfully by checking the contents of the log file at /var/log/mongodb/mongod.log for a line reading

[initandlisten] waiting for connections on port <port>

where <port> is the port configured in /etc/mongod.conf, 27017 by default.

3

Stop MongoDB.

As needed, you can stop the mongod process by issuing the following command:

sudo service mongod stop
4

Restart MongoDB.

Issue the following command to restart mongod:

sudo service mongod restart
5

Begin using MongoDB.

To help you start using MongoDB, MongoDB provides Getting Started Guides in various driver editions. See Getting Started for the available editions.

Before deploying MongoDB in a production environment, consider the Production Notes document.

Later, to stop MongoDB, press Control+C in the terminal where the mongod instance is running.

Uninstall MongoDB

To completely remove MongoDB from a system, you must remove the MongoDB applications themselves, the configuration files, and any directories containing data and logs. The following section guides you through the necessary steps.

Warning

This process will completely remove MongoDB, its configuration, and all databases. This process is not reversible, so ensure that all of your configuration and data is backed up before proceeding.

1

Stop MongoDB.

Stop the mongod process by issuing the following command:

sudo service mongod stop
2

Remove Packages.

Remove any MongoDB packages that you had previously installed.

sudo apt-get purge mongodb-enterprise*
3

Remove Data Directories.

Remove MongoDB databases and log files.

sudo rm -r /var/log/mongodb
sudo rm -r /var/lib/mongodb