This version of the documentation is archived and no longer supported.


On this page



New in version 1.8.

Defines a circle for a geospatial query that uses spherical geometry. The query returns documents that are within the bounds of the circle. You can use the $centerSphere operator on both GeoJSON objects and legacy coordinate pairs.

To use $centerSphere, specify an array that contains:

   <location field>: {
      $geoWithin: { $centerSphere: [ [ <x>, <y> ], <radius> ] }


If you use longitude and latitude, specify longitude first.


Changed in version 2.2.3: Applications can use $centerSphere without having a geospatial index. However, geospatial indexes support much faster queries than the unindexed equivalents. Before 2.2.3, a geospatial index must exist on a field holding coordinates before using any of the geospatial query operators.

Both 2dsphere and 2d geospatial indexes support $centerSphere.


The following example queries grid coordinates and returns all documents within a 10 mile radius of longitude 88 W and latitude 30 N. The query converts the distance to radians by dividing by the approximate radius of the earth, 3959 miles:

db.places.find( {
  loc: { $geoWithin: { $centerSphere: [ [ -88, 30 ], 10/3959 ] } }
} )
←   $center $box  →