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Configure Audit Filters

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  • Filter Configuration at Runtime
  • Filter Configuration at System Startup
  • Examples
Note
Auditing in MongoDB Atlas

MongoDB Atlas supports auditing for all M10 and larger clusters. Atlas supports specifying a JSON-formatted audit filter as documented below and using the Atlas audit filter builder for simplified auditing configuration. To learn more, see the Atlas documentation for Set Up Database Auditing and Configure a Custom Auditing Filter.

MongoDB Enterprise supports auditing of various operations. When enabled, the audit facility, by default, records all auditable operations as detailed in Audit Event Actions, Details, and Results. You can specify event filters to limit which events are recorded. Filters can be configured at startup or MongoDB can be configured to allow runtime specification.

Starting in MongoDB 5.0, audit configurations for mongod and mongos nodes can be configured at runtime. A group of these nodes can take part in a distributed audit configuration.

To include a node in a distributed audit configuration, update the node's configuration file as follows and restart the server.

Parameter
Value
true
Unset
Unset

The server logs an error and fails to start if:

To modify audit filters and the auditAuthorizationSuccess parameter at runtime, see setAuditConfig.

Audit filters can be specified on the command line or else in the configuration file used to start the mongod or mongos instance.

Filters can be specified in YAML under the auditLog session of the configuration file. See the examples below for sample configurations.

Note

If runtimeConfiguration is enabled, then the configuration file cannot be used to specify audit filters.

The following example audits only the createCollection and dropCollection actions by using the filter:

{ atype: { $in: [ "createCollection", "dropCollection" ] } }

To specify an audit filter, enclose the filter document in single quotes to pass the document as a string.

mongod --dbpath data/db --auditDestination file --auditFilter '{ atype: { $in: [ "createCollection", "dropCollection" ] } }' --auditFormat BSON --auditPath data/db/auditLog.bson

Include additional options as required for your configuration. For instance, if you wish remote clients to connect to your deployment or your deployment members are run on different hosts, specify the --bind_ip. For more information, see Localhost Binding Compatibility Changes.

To specify the audit filter in a configuration file, you must use the YAML format of the configuration file.

storage:
dbPath: data/db
auditLog:
destination: file
format: BSON
path: data/db/auditLog.bson
filter: '{ atype: { $in: [ "createCollection", "dropCollection" ] } }'

The <field> can include any field in the audit message. For authentication operations (i.e. atype: "authenticate"), the audit messages include a db field in the param document.

The following example audits only the authenticate operations that occur against the test database by using the filter:

{ atype: "authenticate", "param.db": "test" }

To specify an audit filter, enclose the filter document in single quotes to pass the document as a string.

mongod --dbpath data/db --auth --auditDestination file --auditFilter '{ atype: "authenticate", "param.db": "test" }' --auditFormat BSON --auditPath data/db/auditLog.bson

Include additional options as required for your configuration. For instance, if you wish remote clients to connect to your deployment or your deployment members are run on different hosts, specify the --bind_ip. For more information, see Localhost Binding Compatibility Changes.

To specify the audit filter in a configuration file, you must use the YAML format of the configuration file.

storage:
dbPath: data/db
security:
authorization: enabled
auditLog:
destination: file
format: BSON
path: data/db/auditLog.bson
filter: '{ atype: "authenticate", "param.db": "test" }'

To filter on all authenticate operations across databases, omit "param.db": "test" and use the filter { atype: "authenticate" }.

The <field> can include any field in the audit message. For collection creation and drop operations (i.e. atype: "createCollection" and atype: "dropCollection"), the audit messages include a namespace ns field in the param document.

The following example audits only the createCollection and dropCollection operations that occur against the test database by using the filter:

Note

The regular expression requires two backslashes (\\) to escape the dot (.).

{ atype: { $in: [ "createCollection", "dropCollection" ] }, "param.ns": /^test\\./ } }

To specify an audit filter, enclose the filter document in single quotes to pass the document as a string.

mongod --dbpath data/db --auth --auditDestination file --auditFilter '{ atype: { $in: [ "createCollection", "dropCollection" ] }, "param.ns": /^test\\./ } }' --auditFormat BSON --auditPath data/db/auditLog.bson

Include additional options as required for your configuration. For instance, if you wish remote clients to connect to your deployment or your deployment members are run on different hosts, specify the --bind_ip. For more information, see Localhost Binding Compatibility Changes.

To specify the audit filter in a configuration file, you must use the YAML format of the configuration file.

storage:
dbPath: data/db
security:
authorization: enabled
auditLog:
destination: file
format: BSON
path: data/db/auditLog.bson
filter: '{ atype: { $in: [ "createCollection", "dropCollection" ] }, "param.ns": /^test\\./ } }'

The following example audits operations by users with readWrite role on the test database, including users with roles that inherit from readWrite, by using the filter:

{ roles: { role: "readWrite", db: "test" } }

To specify an audit filter, enclose the filter document in single quotes to pass the document as a string.

mongod --dbpath data/db --auth --auditDestination file --auditFilter '{ roles: { role: "readWrite", db: "test" } }' --auditFormat BSON --auditPath data/db/auditLog.bson

Include additional options as required for your configuration. For instance, if you wish remote clients to connect to your deployment or your deployment members are run on different hosts, specify the --bind_ip. For more information, see Localhost Binding Compatibility Changes.

To specify the audit filter in a configuration file, you must use the YAML format of the configuration file.

storage:
dbPath: data/db
security:
authorization: enabled
auditLog:
destination: file
format: BSON
path: data/db/auditLog.bson
filter: '{ roles: { role: "readWrite", db: "test" } }'

To capture read and write operations in the audit, you must also enable the audit system to log authorization successes using the auditAuthorizationSuccess parameter. [1]

Note

Enabling auditAuthorizationSuccess degrades performance more than logging only the authorization failures.

The following example audits the find(), insert(), remove(), update(), and findAndModify() operations by using the filter:

{ atype: "authCheck", "param.command": { $in: [ "find", "insert", "delete", "update", "findandmodify" ] } }

To specify an audit filter, enclose the filter document in single quotes to pass the document as a string.

mongod --dbpath data/db --auth --setParameter auditAuthorizationSuccess=true --auditDestination file --auditFilter '{ atype: "authCheck", "param.command": { $in: [ "find", "insert", "delete", "update", "findandmodify" ] } }' --auditFormat BSON --auditPath data/db/auditLog.bson

Include additional options as required for your configuration. For instance, if you wish remote clients to connect to your deployment or your deployment members are run on different hosts, specify the --bind_ip. For more information, see Localhost Binding Compatibility Changes.

To specify the audit filter in a configuration file, you must use the YAML format of the configuration file.

storage:
dbPath: data/db
security:
authorization: enabled
auditLog:
destination: file
format: BSON
path: data/db/auditLog.bson
filter: '{ atype: "authCheck", "param.command": { $in: [ "find", "insert", "delete", "update", "findandmodify" ] } }'
setParameter: { auditAuthorizationSuccess: true }

To capture read and write operations in the audit, you must also enable the audit system to log authorization successes using the auditAuthorizationSuccess parameter. [1]

Note

Enabling auditAuthorizationSuccess degrades performance more than logging only the authorization failures.

The following example audits the find(), insert(), remove(), update(), and findAndModify() operations for the collection orders in the database test by using the filter:

{ atype: "authCheck", "param.ns": "test.orders", "param.command": { $in: [ "find", "insert", "delete", "update", "findandmodify" ] } }

To specify an audit filter, enclose the filter document in single quotes to pass the document as a string.

mongod --dbpath data/db --auth --setParameter auditAuthorizationSuccess=true --auditDestination file --auditFilter '{ atype: "authCheck", "param.ns": "test.orders", "param.command": { $in: [ "find", "insert", "delete", "update", "findandmodify" ] } }' --auditFormat BSON --auditPath data/db/auditLog.bson

Include additional options as required for your configuration. For instance, if you wish remote clients to connect to your deployment or your deployment members are run on different hosts, specify the --bind_ip. For more information, see Localhost Binding Compatibility Changes.

To specify the audit filter in a configuration file, you must use the YAML format of the configuration file.

storage:
dbPath: data/db
security:
authorization: enabled
auditLog:
destination: file
format: BSON
path: data/db/auditLog.bson
filter: '{ atype: "authCheck", "param.ns": "test.orders", "param.command": { $in: [ "find", "insert", "delete", "update", "findandmodify" ] } }'
setParameter: { auditAuthorizationSuccess: true }
Tip
[1](1, 2) You can enable auditAuthorizationSuccess parameter without enabling --auth; however, all operations will return success for authorization checks.
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