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rs.reconfig()

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rs.reconfig( configuration, { options } )

Reconfigures an existing replica set, overwriting the existing replica set configuration. To run the method, you must connect to the primary of the replica set.

The rs.reconfig() method has the following syntax:

rs.reconfig(
<configuration>,
{
"force" : <boolean>,
"maxTimeMS" : <int>
}
)
Parameter
Type
Description
document
A document that specifies the configuration of a replica set.
boolean

Optional

Specify true to force the available replica set members to accept the new configuration. Defaults to false.

Force reconfiguration can result in unexpected or undesired behavior, including rollback of "majority" committed writes.

integer

Optional

Specifies a cumulative time limit in milliseconds for processing the rs.reconfig() operation. By default, rs.reconfig() waits indefinitely for the replica configuration to propagate to a majority of replica set members.

New in version 4.4.

To reconfigure an existing replica set, first retrieve the current configuration with rs.conf(), modify the configuration document as needed, and then pass the modified document to rs.reconfig().

rs.reconfig() provides a wrapper around the replSetReconfig command.

The force parameter allows a reconfiguration command to be issued to a non-primary node.

Starting in MongoDB 5.0, you must explicitly set the global default write concern before attempting to reconfigure a replica set with a configuration that would change the implicit default write concern. To set the global default write concern, use the setDefaultRWConcern command.

MongoDB 4.4 adds the term field to the replica set configuration document. The term field is set by the primary replica set member. The primary ignores the term field if set explicitly in the rs.reconfig() operation.

Starting in MongoDB 4.4, rs.reconfig() by default allows adding or removing no more than 1 voting member at a time. For example, a new configuration can make at most one of the following changes to the cluster membership:

  • Adding a new voting replica set member.
  • Removing an existing voting replica set member.
  • Modifying the votes for an existing replica set member.

To add or remove multiple voting members, issue a series of rs.reconfig() operations to add or remove one member at a time.

Issuing a force reconfiguration immediately installs the new configuration even if it adds or removes multiple voting members. Force reconfiguration can cause unexpected behavior, such as the rollback of "majority" committed write operations.

Starting in MongoDB 4.4, rs.reconfig() waits until a majority of voting replica set members install the new replica configuration before returning success. A voting member is any replica set member where members[n].votes is 1, including arbiters.

Replica set members propagate their replica configuration via heartbeats. Whenever a member learns of a configuration with a higher version and term, it installs the new configuration. The reconfiguration process has two distinct 'waiting' phases:

1) Wait for the current configuration to be committed before installing the new configuration.

The "current" configuration refers to the replica configuration in use by the primary at the time rs.reconfig() is issued.

A configuration is committed when:

  • A majority of voting replica set members have installed the current configuration, and
  • All writes which were "majority" committed in the previous configuration have also replicated to a majority in the current configuration.

Typically, the current configuration has already been installed on a majority of voting replica set members. However, the majority committed writes in the previous configuration may not all be committed in the current configuration. Delayed members or members that are lagging behind the primary can increase the time spent in this phase.

If the operation was issued with a maxTimeMS limit and the operation exceeds the limit while waiting, the operation returns an error and discard the new configuration. The limit is cumulative and does not reset after proceeding to the next phase.

2) Wait for a majority of voting members in the new configuration to install the new configuration.

The "new" configuration refers to the replica configuration specified to rs.reconfig().

The primary installs and begins using the new replica configuration before propagating the configuration to the remaining replica set members. The operation only waits for a majority of voting members to install the new configuration, and does not require waiting for the new configuration to be committed.

If the operation was issued with a maxTimeMS limit and the operation exceeds the limit while waiting, the operation returns an error but continues using and propagating the new configuration.

Issuing a force reconfiguration immediately installs the new configuration regardless of the commitment status of the previous configuration. Force reconfiguration can cause unexpected behavior, such as the rollback of "majority" committed write operations.

To check the commitment status of the current replica configuration, issue replSetGetConfig with the commitmentStatus parameter on the replica set primary.

To run the method on deployments that enforce access control, the user must have replSetConfigure privilege action on the cluster resource. The clusterManager built-in role, available in the admin database, provides the required privileges for this command.

rs.reconfig() obtains a special mutually exclusive lock to prevent more than one rs.reconfig() operation from occurring at the same time.

Warning

Avoid reconfiguring replica sets that contain members of different MongoDB versions as validation rules may differ across MongoDB versions.

The rs.reconfig() shell method can trigger the current primary to step down in some situations. Primary step-down triggers an election to select a new primary:

  • Starting in MongoDB 4.2, when the primary steps down, it no longer closes all client connections and writes that were in progress are killed. For details, see Behavior.
  • In MongoDB 4.0 and earlier, when the primary steps down, it closes all client connections.

The median time before a cluster elects a new primary should not typically exceed 12 seconds, assuming default replica configuration settings. This includes time required to mark the primary as unavailable and call and complete an election. You can tune this time period by modifying the settings.electionTimeoutMillis replication configuration option. Factors such as network latency may extend the time required for replica set elections to complete, which in turn affects the amount of time your cluster may operate without a primary. These factors are dependent on your particular cluster architecture.

During the election process, the cluster cannot accept write operations until it elects the new primary.

Your application connection logic should include tolerance for automatic failovers and the subsequent elections. Starting in MongoDB 3.6, MongoDB drivers can detect the loss of the primary and automatically retry certain write operations a single time, providing additional built-in handling of automatic failovers and elections:

To further reduce potential impact to a production cluster, reconfigure only during scheduled maintenance periods.

Warning

Using rs.reconfig() with { force: true } can lead to rollback of majority-committed writes. Exercise caution when using this option.

Changed in version 3.2.

Using rs.reconfig() to remove a replica set member does not automatically drop open outgoing connections from other replica set members to the removed member.

By default, replica set members wait for 5 minutes before dropping connections to the removed member. In sharded replica sets, you can modify this timeout using the ShardingTaskExecutorPoolHostTimeoutMS server parameter.

New in version 4.2: To immediately drop all outgoing connections from the replica set to the removed member, run the dropConnections administrative command on each remaining member on the replica set:

db.adminCommand(
{
"dropConnections" : 1,
"hostAndPort" : [
"<hostname>:<port>"
]
}
)

Replace <hostname> and <port> with those of the removed member.

Starting in MongoDB 5.0, a newly added secondary does not count as a voting member and cannot be elected until it has reached the SECONDARY state.

When a new voting node is added to a replica set, replSetReconfig will internally add a newlyAdded field to the node's configuration. Nodes with the newlyAdded field do not count towards the current number of voting nodes. When initial sync completes and the node reaches SECONDARY state, the newlyAdded field is automatically removed.

Note
  • Configurations that attempt to add a field named newlyAdded will error even if run with { force: true }.
  • If an existing node has a newlyAdded field, using rs.reconfig() to change the configuration will not remove the newlyAdded field. The newlyAdded field will be appended to the user provided configuration.
  • replSetGetConfig will remove any newlyAdded fields from its output. If you would like to see any newlyAdded fields, you can query the local.system.replset collection directly.

A replica set named rs0 has the following configuration:

{
"_id" : "rs0",
"version" : 1,
"protocolVersion" : NumberLong(1),
"members" : [
{
"_id" : 0,
"host" : "mongodb0.example.net:27017",
"arbiterOnly" : false,
"buildIndexes" : true,
"hidden" : false,
"priority" : 1,
"tags" : {
},
"secondaryDelaySecs" : NumberLong(0),
"votes" : 1
},
{
"_id" : 1,
"host" : "mongodb1.example.net:27017",
"arbiterOnly" : false,
"buildIndexes" : true,
"hidden" : false,
"priority" : 1,
"tags" : {
},
"secondaryDelaySecs" : NumberLong(0),
"votes" : 1
},
{
"_id" : 2,
"host" : "mongodb2.example.net:27017",
"arbiterOnly" : false,
"buildIndexes" : true,
"hidden" : false,
"priority" : 1,
"tags" : {
},
"secondaryDelaySecs" : NumberLong(0),
"votes" : 1
}
],
"settings" : {
"chainingAllowed" : true,
"heartbeatIntervalMillis" : 2000,
"heartbeatTimeoutSecs" : 10,
"electionTimeoutMillis" : 10000,
"catchUpTimeoutMillis" : 2000,
"getLastErrorModes" : {
},
"getLastErrorDefaults" : {
"w" : 1,
"wtimeout" : 0
},
"replicaSetId" : ObjectId("58858acc1f5609ed986b641b")
}
}

The following sequence of operations updates the members[n].priority of the second member. The operations are issued through a mongosh session that is connected to the primary.

cfg = rs.conf();
cfg.members[1].priority = 2;
rs.reconfig(cfg);
  1. The first statement uses the rs.conf() method to retrieve a document containing the current configuration for the replica set and sets the document to the local variable cfg.
  2. The second statement sets a members[n].priority value to the second document in the members array. For additional settings, see replica set configuration settings.

    To access the member configuration document in the array, the statement uses the array index and not the replica set member's members[n]._id field.

  3. The last statement calls the rs.reconfig() method with the modified cfg to initialize this new configuration. Upon successful reconfiguration, the replica set configuration will resemble the following:
{
"_id" : "rs0",
"version" : 2,
"protocolVersion" : NumberLong(1),
"members" : [
{
"_id" : 0,
"host" : "mongodb0.example.net:27017",
"arbiterOnly" : false,
"buildIndexes" : true,
"hidden" : false,
"priority" : 1,
"tags" : {
},
"secondaryDelaySecs" : NumberLong(0),
"votes" : 1
},
{
"_id" : 1,
"host" : "mongodb1.example.net:27017",
"arbiterOnly" : false,
"buildIndexes" : true,
"hidden" : false,
"priority" : 2,
"tags" : {
},
"secondaryDelaySecs" : NumberLong(0),
"votes" : 1
},
{
"_id" : 2,
"host" : "mongodb2.example.net:27017",
"arbiterOnly" : false,
"buildIndexes" : true,
"hidden" : false,
"priority" : 1,
"tags" : {
},
"secondaryDelaySecs" : NumberLong(0),
"votes" : 1
}
],
"settings" : {
"chainingAllowed" : true,
"heartbeatIntervalMillis" : 2000,
"heartbeatTimeoutSecs" : 10,
"electionTimeoutMillis" : 10000,
"catchUpTimeoutMillis" : 2000,
"getLastErrorModes" : {
},
"getLastErrorDefaults" : {
"w" : 1,
"wtimeout" : 0
},
"replicaSetId" : ObjectId("58858acc1f5609ed986b641b")
}
}

You can also modify the cluster replica set settings document. The settings document contains configuration options that apply to the whole replica set.

The following sequence of operations updates the settings.heartbeatTimeoutSecs of the cluster to 15. The operations are issued through a mongosh session that is connected to the primary.

cfg = rs.conf();
cfg.settings.heartbeatTimeoutSecs = 15;
rs.reconfig(cfg);
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  • Definition
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