Navigation

db.updateRole()

On this page

  • Definition
  • Behavior
  • Required Access
  • Example
db.updateRole( rolename, update, writeConcern )

Updates a user-defined role. The db.updateRole() method must run on the role's database.

An update to a field completely replaces the previous field's values. To grant or remove roles or privileges without replacing all values, use one or more of the following methods:

Warning

An update to the privileges or roles array completely replaces the previous array's values.

The db.updateRole() method uses the following syntax:

db.updateRole(
"<rolename>",
{
privileges:
[
{ resource: { <resource> }, actions: [ "<action>", ... ] },
...
],
roles:
[
{ role: "<role>", db: "<database>" } | "<role>",
...
],
authenticationRestrictions:
[
{
clientSource: ["<IP>" | "<CIDR range>", ...],
serverAddress: ["<IP>", | "<CIDR range>", ...]
},
...
]
},
{ <writeConcern> }
)

The db.updateRole() method accepts the following arguments:

Parameter
Type
Description
rolename
string
The name of the user-defined role to update.
update
document
A document containing the replacement data for the role. This data completely replaces the corresponding data for the role.
writeConcern
document
Optional. The level of write concern for the update operation. The writeConcern document takes the same fields as the getLastError command.

The update document specifies the fields to update and the new values. Each field in the update document is optional, but the document must include at least one field. The update document has the following fields:

Field
Type
Description
privileges
array
Optional. Required if you do not specify roles array. The privileges to grant the role. An update to the privileges array overrides the previous array's values. For the syntax for specifying a privilege, see the privileges array.
roles
array
Optional. Required if you do not specify privileges array. The roles from which this role inherits privileges. An update to the roles array overrides the previous array's values.
authenticationRestrictions
array

Optional.

The authentication restrictions the server enforces on the role. Specifies a list of IP addresses and CIDR ranges users granted this role are allowed to connect to and/or which they can connect from.

New in version 3.6.

The db.updateRole() method wraps the updateRole command.

In the roles field, you can specify both built-in roles and user-defined roles.

To specify a role that exists in the same database where db.updateRole() runs, you can either specify the role with the name of the role:

"readWrite"

Or you can specify the role with a document, as in:

{ role: "<role>", db: "<database>" }

To specify a role that exists in a different database, specify the role with a document.

New in version 3.6.

The authenticationRestrictions document can contain only the following fields. The server throws an error if the authenticationRestrictions document contains an unrecognized field:

Field Name
Value
Description
clientSource
Array of IP addresses and/or CIDR ranges
If present, when authenticating a user, the server verifies that the client's IP address is either in the given list or belongs to a CIDR range in the list. If the client's IP address is not present, the server does not authenticate the user.
serverAddress
Array of IP addresses and/or CIDR ranges
A list of IP addresses or CIDR ranges to which the client can connect. If present, the server will verify that the client's connection was accepted via an IP address in the given list. If the connection was accepted via an unrecognized IP address, the server does not authenticate the user.
Important

If a user inherits multiple roles with incompatible authentication restrictions, that user becomes unusable.

For example, if a user inherits one role in which the clientSource field is ["198.51.100.0"] and another role in which the clientSource field is ["203.0.113.0"] the server is unable to authenticate the user.

For more information on authentication in MongoDB, see Authentication.

If run on a replica set, db.updateRole() is executed using majority write concern by default.

Except for roles created in the admin database, a role can only include privileges that apply to its database and can only inherit from other roles in its database.

A role created in the admin database can include privileges that apply to the admin database, other databases or to the cluster resource, and can inherit from roles in other databases as well as the admin database.

You must have the revokeRole action on all databases in order to update a role.

You must have the grantRole action on the database of each role in the roles array to update the array.

You must have the grantRole action on the database of each privilege in the privileges array to update the array. If a privilege's resource spans databases, you must have grantRole on the admin database. A privilege spans databases if the privilege is any of the following:

  • a collection in all databases
  • all collections and all database
  • the cluster resource

You must have the setAuthenticationRestriction action on the database of the target role to update a role's authenticationRestrictions document.

The following db.updateRole() method replaces the privileges and the roles for the inventoryControl role that exists in the products database. The method runs on the database that contains inventoryControl:

use products
db.updateRole(
"inventoryControl",
{
privileges:
[
{
resource: { db:"products", collection:"clothing" },
actions: [ "update", "createCollection", "createIndex"]
}
],
roles:
[
{
role: "read",
db: "products"
}
]
},
{ w:"majority" }
)

To view a role's privileges, use the rolesInfo command.

Give Feedback

On this page

  • Definition
  • Behavior
  • Required Access
  • Example