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ClientEncryption.encrypt()

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  • Behavior
  • Example

New in version 4.2.

ClientEncryption.encrypt(encryptionKeyId, value, encryptionAlgorithm)

ClientEncryption.encrypt() encrypts the value using the specified encryptionKeyId and encryptionAlgorithm. encrypt() supports explicit (manual) encryption of field values.

encrypt() has the following syntax:

clientEncryption = db.getMongo().getClientEncryption()
clientEncryption.encrypt(
encryptionKeyId,
value,
encryptionAlgorithm
)
Parameter
Type
Description
encryptionKeyId
UUID

The data encryption key to use for encrypting the value.

The UUID is a BSON binary data object with subtype 4 that identifies a specific data encryption key. If the data encryption key does not exist in the key vault configured for the database connection, encrypt() returns an error. See Encryption Key Vault for more information on key vaults and data encryption keys.

value
The value to encrypt.
encryptionAlgorithm
string

The encryption algorithm to use for encrypting the value.

  • AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Deterministic
  • AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Random

For complete documentation on the supported encryption algorithms, see Encryption Algorithms.

Returns:A binary data object with subtype 6.

The mongo client-side field level encryption methods require a database connection with client-side field level encryption enabled. If the current database connection was not initiated with client-side field level encryption enabled, either:

encrypt() does not supports encrypting values with the following BSON types:

  • minKey
  • maxKey
  • null
  • undefined

If encrypting a field using AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Deterministic, encrypt() does not support the following BSON types:

  • double
  • decimal128
  • bool
  • object
  • array
  • javascriptWithScope (Deprecated)

The following example uses a locally managed KMS for the client-side field level encryption configuration.

Configuring client-side field level encryption for a locally managed key requires specifying a base64-encoded 96-byte string with no line breaks. The following operation generates a key that meets the stated requirements and loads it into the mongo shell:

TEST_LOCAL_KEY=$(echo "$(head -c 96 /dev/urandom | base64 | tr -d '\n')")
mongosh --nodb --shell --eval "var TEST_LOCAL_KEY='$TEST_LOCAL_KEY'"

Create the client-side field level encryption object using the generated local key string:

var ClientSideFieldLevelEncryptionOptions = {
"keyVaultNamespace" : "encryption.__dataKeys",
"kmsProviders" : {
"local" : {
"key" : BinData(0, TEST_LOCAL_KEY)
}
}
}

Use the Mongo() constructor to create a database connection with the client-side field level encryption options. Replace the mongodb://myMongo.example.net URI with the connection string URI of the target cluster.

encryptedClient = Mongo(
"mongodb://myMongo.example.net:27017/?replSetName=myMongo",
ClientSideFieldLevelEncryptionOptions
)

Retrieve the ClientEncryption object and use the ClientEncryption.encrypt() method to encrypt a value using a specific data encryption key UUID and encryption algorithm:

clientEncryption = encryptedClient.getClientEncryption();
clientEncryption.encrypt(
UUID("64e2d87d-f168-493c-bbdf-a394535a2cb9"),
"123-45-6789",
"AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Random"
)

If sucessful, encrypt() returns the encrypted value:

BinData(6,"AmTi2H3xaEk8u9+jlFNaLLkC3Q/+kmwDbbWrq+h9nuv9W+u7A5a0UnpULBNZH+Q21fAztPpU09wpKPrju9dKfpN1Afpj1/ZhFcH6LYZOWSBBOAuUNjPLxMNSYOOuITuuYWo=")

For complete documentation on initiating MongoDB connections with client-side field level encryption enabled, see Mongo().

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