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db.collection.dropIndex()

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db.collection.dropIndex(index)
Important
mongo Shell Method

This page documents the mongo shell method, and does not refer to the MongoDB Node.js driver (or any other driver) method. For corresponding MongoDB driver API, refer to your specific MongoDB driver documentation instead.

Drops or removes the specified index from a collection. The db.collection.dropIndex() method provides a wrapper around the dropIndexes command.

Note

The db.collection.dropIndex() method takes the following parameter:

Parameter
Type
Description
index
string or document

Optional. Specifies the index to drop. You can specify the index either by the index name or by the index specification document.

To drop a text index, specify the index name.

Starting in MongoDB 4.2, you cannot specify "*" to drop all non-_id indexes. Use db.collection.dropIndexes() instead.

New in version 4.4: If an index specified to db.collection.dropIndex() is still building, dropIndex() attempts to abort the in-progress build. Aborting an index build has the same effect as dropping the built index. Prior to MongoDB 4.4, dropIndex() returned an error if the specified index was still building. See Aborts In-Progress Index Builds for more complete documentation.

To get the index name or the index specification document for the db.collection.dropIndex() method, use the db.collection.getIndexes() method.

Starting in MongoDB 4.2, the dropIndex() operation only kills queries that are using the index being dropped. This may include queries considering the index as part of query planning.

Prior to MongoDB 4.2, dropping an index on a collection would kill all open queries on the collection.

Changed in version 4.2.

db.collection.dropIndex() obtains an exclusive lock on the specified collection for the duration of the operation. All subsequent operations on the collection must wait until db.collection.dropIndex() releases the lock.

Prior to MongoDB 4.2, db.collection.dropIndex() obtained an exclusive lock on the parent database, blocking all operations on the database and all its collections until the operation completed.

New in version 4.4: If an index specified to db.collection.dropIndex() is still being built, dropIndex() attempts to abort the build. Aborting an index build has the same effect as dropping the built index. Prior to MongoDB 4.4, dropIndex() returned an error if the specified index was still building.

The index specified to dropIndex() must be the only index associated to the index builder, i.e. the indexes built by a single createIndexes or db.collection.createIndexes() operation. If the associated index builder has other in-progress builds, wait until the builds complete and specify the index to dropIndex().

For example, a createIndexes / createIndexes() operation creates three indexes. Assuming all three index builds are still in-progress, dropIndex() cannot successfully abort any of the index builds and therefore cannot drop any of those indexes.

Use currentOp to identify the index builds associated to a createIndexes / createIndexes() operation. See Active Indexing Operations for an example.

For replica sets or shard replica sets, aborting an index on the primary does not simultaneously abort secondary index builds. dropIndex() attempts to abort the in-progress builds for the specified indexes on the primary and if successful creates an associated "abort" oplog entry. Secondary members with replicated in-progress builds wait for a commit or abort oplog entry from the primary before either committing or aborting the index build.

Starting in version 4.4, MongoDB adds the ability to hide or unhide indexes from the query planner. By hiding an index from the planner, users can evaluate the potential impact of dropping an index without actually dropping the index.

If after the evaluation, the user decides to drop the index, the user can drop the hidden index; i.e. you do not need to unhide it first to drop it.

If, however, the impact is negative, the user can unhide the index instead of having to recreate a dropped index. And because indexes are fully maintained while hidden, the indexes are immediately available for use once unhidden.

For more information on hidden indexes, see Hidden Indexes.

Consider a pets collection. Calling the getIndexes() method on the pets collection returns the following indexes:

[
{
"v" : 2,
"key" : {
"_id" : 1
},
"name" : "_id_"
},
{
"v" : 2,
"key" : {
"cat" : -1
},
"name" : "catIdx"
},
{
"v" : 2,
"key" : {
"cat" : 1,
"dog" : -1
},
"name" : "cat_1_dog_-1"
}
]

The single field index on the field cat has the user-specified name of catIdx [1] and the index specification document of { "cat" : -1 }.

To drop the index catIdx, you can use either the index name:

db.pets.dropIndex( "catIdx" )

Or you can use the index specification document { "cat" : -1 }:

db.pets.dropIndex( { "cat" : -1 } )
[1] During index creation, if the user does not specify an index name, the system generates the name by concatenating the index key field and value with an underscore, e.g. cat_1.
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