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cursor.readPref()

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  • Definition
  • Examples
cursor.readPref(mode, tagSet, hedgeOptions)
Important
mongo Shell Method

This page documents the mongo shell method, and does not refer to the MongoDB Node.js driver (or any other driver) method. For corresponding MongoDB driver API, refer to your specific MongoDB driver documentation instead.

Append readPref() to a cursor to control how the client routes the query to members of the replica set.

Note

You must apply readPref() to the cursor before retrieving any documents from the database.

Parameter
Type
Description
string
array of documents

Optional. A tag set used to target reads to members with the specified tag(s). tagSet is not available if using primary.

For details, see Read Preference Tag Sets.

document

Optional. A document that specifies whether to enable the use of hedged reads.

{ enabled: <boolean> }

The enabled field defaults to true; i.e. specifying an empty document { } is equivalent to specifying { enabled: true }.

Hedged reads are available starting in MongoDB 4.4 for sharded clusters. To use hedged reads, the mongos must have enabled support for hedged reads (the default) and the non-primary read preferences must enable the use of hedged reads.

Read preference nearest enables the use of hedged reads on sharded clusters by default; i.e. by default, has { enabled: true }.

New in version 4.4.

readPref() does not support the Read Preference maxStalenessSeconds option for read preference.

The following operation uses the read preference mode to target the read to a secondary member.

db.collection.find({ }).readPref( "secondary")

To target secondaries with specific tags, include both the mode and the tagSet array:

db.collection.find({ }).readPref(
"secondary",
[
{ "datacenter": "B" }, // First, try matching by the datacenter tag
{ "region": "West"}, // If not found, then try matching by the region tag
{ } // If not found, then use the empty document to match all eligible members
]
)

During the secondary selection process, MongoDB tries to find secondary members with the datacenter: "B" tag first.

  • If found, MongoDB limits the eligible secondaries to those with the datacenter: "B" tag and ignores the remaining tags.
  • If none are found, then, MongoDB tries to find secondary members with the "region": "West" tag.

    • If found, MongoDB limits the eligible secondaries to those with the "region": "West" tag.
    • If none are found, MongoDB uses any eligible secondaries.

See Order of Tag Matching for details.

Tip

Starting in MongoDB 4.4 for sharded clusters, you can enable hedged reads for non-primary read preferences. To use hedged reads, the mongos must have enabled support for hedged reads (the default) and the non-primary read preferences must enable the use of hedged reads.

To target secondaries on 4.4+ sharded cluster using hedged reads, include both the mode and the hedgeOptions, as in the following examples:

  • Without a tag set

    db.collection.find({ }).readPref(
    "secondary", // mode
    null, // tag set
    { enabled: true } // hedge options
    )
  • With a tag set

    db.collection.find({ }).readPref(
    "secondary", // mode
    [ { "datacenter": "B" }, { } ], // tag set
    { enabled: true } // hedge options
    )

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