Navigation

Perform Maintenance on Replica Set Members

On this page

Overview

Replica sets allow a MongoDB deployment to remain available during the majority of a maintenance window.

This document outlines the basic procedure for performing maintenance on each of the members of a replica set. Furthermore, this particular sequence strives to minimize the amount of time that the primary is unavailable and control the impact on the entire deployment.

Use these steps as the basis for common replica set operations, particularly for procedures such as upgrading to the latest version of MongoDB.

Procedure

For each member of a replica set, starting with a secondary member, perform the following sequence of events, ending with the primary:

  • Restart the mongod instance as a standalone.
  • Perform the task on the standalone instance.
  • Restart the mongod instance as a member of the replica set.
1

Stop a secondary.

In the mongo shell, shut down the mongod instance:

db.shutdownServer()
2

Restart the secondary as a standalone on a different port.

At the operating system shell prompt restart mongod as a standalone instance.

If you are using a configuration file, make the following configuration updates:

For example, if performing maintenance on a shard/config server replica set member for maintenance, the updated configuration file will include content like the following example:

net:
   bindIp: localhost,<ip address of the mongod host>
   port: 27218
#   port: 27018
#replication:
#   replSetName: shardA
#sharding:
#   clusterRole: shardsvr
setParameter:
   skipShardingConfigurationChecks: true

If using command-line options, make the following configuration updates to restart:

For example, to restart a replica set member that is not part of a sharded cluster:

mongod --port 27218 --dbpath /srv/mongodb --bind_ip localhost,<ip address of the mongod host>

For example, to restart a shard/config server replica set member for maintenance:

mongod --port 27218 --dbpath /srv/mongodb --bind_ip localhost,<ip address of the mongod host> --setParameter skipShardingConfigurationChecks=true

Warning

Before you bind to other ip addresses, consider enabling access control and other security measures listed in Security Checklist to prevent unauthorized access.

Always start mongod with the same user, even when restarting a replica set member as a standalone instance.

3

Perform maintenance operations on the secondary.

While the member is a standalone, use the mongo shell to perform maintenance:

mongo --port 27218

Important

While the member is a standalone, no writes are replicated to this member nor are writes on this member replicated to the other members of the replica set.

Ensure that any writes on this standalone do not conflict with oplog writes that will be applied to the member when it rejoins the replica set.

4

Restart mongod as a member of the replica set.

After performing all maintenance tasks, use the following procedure to restart the mongod as a member of the replica set on its usual port.

From the mongo shell, shut down the standalone server after completing the maintenance:

use admin
db.shutdownServer()

Restart the mongod instance as a replica set member with its original configuration; that is, undo the configuration changes made when starting as a standalone.

Tip

For shard or config server members, be sure to remove the skipShardingConfigurationChecks parameter.

When it has started, connect the mongo shell to the restarted instance.

The secondary takes time to catch up to the primary. From the mongo shell, use the following command to verify that the member has caught up from the RECOVERING state to the SECONDARY state.

rs.status()
5

Perform maintenance on the primary last.

  1. To perform maintenance on the primary after completing maintenance tasks on all secondaries, connect a mongo shell to the primary and use rs.stepDown() to step down the primary and allow one of the secondaries to be elected the new primary. Specify a 300 second waiting period to prevent the member from being elected primary again for five minutes:

    rs.stepDown(300)
    

    After the primary steps down, the replica set will elect a new primary.

  2. Restart mongod as a standalone instance, making the following configuration updates.

If you are using a configuration file, make the following configuration updates:

For example, if performing maintenance on a shard/config server replica set member for maintenance, the updated configuration file will include content like the following example:

net:
   bindIp: localhost,<ip address of the mongod host>
   port: 27218
#   port: 27018
#replication:
#   replSetName: shardA
#sharding:
#   clusterRole: shardsvr
setParameter:
   skipShardingConfigurationChecks: true

Warning

Before you bind to other ip addresses, consider enabling access control and other security measures listed in Security Checklist to prevent unauthorized access.

If using command-line options, make the following configuration updates:

For example, to restart a replica set member that is not part of a sharded cluster:

mongod --port 27218 --dbpath /srv/mongodb --bind_ip localhost,<ip address of the mongod host>

For example, to restart a shard/config server replica set member for maintenance:

mongod --port 27218 --dbpath /srv/mongodb --bind_ip localhost,<ip address of the mongod host> --setParameter skipShardingConfigurationChecks=true

Warning

Before you bind to other ip addresses, consider enabling access control and other security measures listed in Security Checklist to prevent unauthorized access.

  1. Perform maintentance task on the now standalone.

    Important

    While the member is a standalone, no writes are replicated to this member nor are writes on this member replicated to the other members of the replica set.

    Ensure that any writes on this standalone do not conflict with oplog writes that will be applied to the member when it rejoins the replica set.

  2. After performing all maintenance tasks, restart the mongod instance as a replica set member with its original configuration; that is, undo the configuration changes made when starting as a standalone.

    Tip

    For shard or config server members, be sure to remove the skipShardingConfigurationChecks parameter.