Navigation
This is an upcoming (i.e. in progress) version of the manual.

Build Indexes on Replica Sets

To minimize the impact of building an index on replica set deployments, use the following procedure to build indexes in a rolling fashion. For building an index on sharded clusters, see Build Indexes on Sharded Clusters instead.

The following procedure for replica set deployments does take one member out of the replica set at a time. However, this procedure will only affect one member of the set at a time rather than all secondaries at the same time.

Considerations

Unique Indexes

To create unique indexes using the following procedure, you must stop all writes to the collection during this procedure.

If you cannot stop all writes to the collection during this procedure, do not use the procedure on this page. Instead, build your unique index on the collection by issuing db.collection.createIndex() on the primary for a replica set.

Oplog Size

Ensure that your oplog is large enough to permit the indexing or re-indexing operation to complete without falling too far behind to catch up. See the oplog sizing documentation for additional information.

Prerequisites

For building unique indexes

To create unique indexes using the following procedure, you must stop all writes to the collection during the index build. Otherwise, you may end up with inconsistent data across the replica set members.

Warning

If you cannot stop all writes to the collection, do not use the following procedure to create unique indexes.

Procedure

Important

The following procedure to build indexes in a rolling fashion applies to replica set deployments, and not sharded clusters. For the procedure for sharded clusters with replica set shards, see Build Indexes on Sharded Clusters instead.

A. Stop One Secondary and Restart as a Standalone

Stop the mongod process associated with a secondary. Restart after making the following configuration updates:

If you are using a configuration file, make the following configuration updates:

  • Comment out the replication.replSetName option.
  • Change the net.port to a different port. [1] Make a note of the original port setting as a comment.
  • Set parameter disableLogicalSessionCacheRefresh to true in the setParameter section.

For example, the updated configuration file for a replica set member will include content like the following example:

net:
   bindIp: localhost,<hostname(s)|ip address(es)>
   port: 27217
#   port: 27017
#replication:
#   replSetName: myRepl
setParameter:
   disableLogicalSessionCacheRefresh: true

Other settings (e.g. storage.dbPath, etc.) remain the same.

And restart:

mongod --config <path/To/ConfigFile>

If using command-line options, make the following configuration updates:

For example, if your replica set member normally runs with on the default port of 27017 and the --replSet option, you would specify a different port, omit the --replSet option, and set disableLogicalSessionCacheRefresh parameter to true:

mongod --port 27217 --setParameter disableLogicalSessionCacheRefresh=true

Other settings (e.g. --dbpath, etc.) remain the same.

[1](1, 2) By running the mongod on a different port, you ensure that the other members of the replica set and all clients will not contact the member while you are building the index.

B. Build the Index

Connect directly to the mongod instance running as a standalone on the new port and create the new index for this instance.

For example, connect a mongo shell to the instance, and use the createIndex() to create an ascending index on the username field of the records collection:

db.records.createIndex( { username: 1 } )

C. Restart the Program mongod as a Replica Set Member

When the index build completes, shutdown the mongod instance. Undo the configuration changes made when starting as a standalone to return the its original configuration and restart as a member of the replica set.

Important

Be sure to remove the disableLogicalSessionCacheRefresh parameter.

For example, to restart your replica set member:

If you are using a configuration file:

For example:

net:
   bindIp: localhost,<hostname(s)|ip address(es)>
   port: 27017
replication:
   replSetName: myRepl

Other settings (e.g. storage.dbPath, etc.) remain the same.

And restart:

mongod --config <path/To/ConfigFile>

If you are using command-line options,

  • Revert to the original port number
  • Include the --replSet option.
  • Remove parameter disableLogicalSessionCacheRefresh.

For example:

mongod --port 27017 --replSet myRepl

Other settings (e.g. --dbpath, etc.) remain the same.

Allow replication to catch up on this member.

D. Repeat the Procedure for the Remaining Secondaries

Once the member catches up with the other members of the set, repeat the procedure one member at a time for the remaining secondary members:

  1. A. Stop One Secondary and Restart as a Standalone
  2. B. Build the Index
  3. C. Restart the Program mongod as a Replica Set Member

E. Build the Index on the Primary

When all the secondaries have the new index, step down the primary, restart it as a standalone using the procedure described above, and build the index on the former primary:

  1. Use the rs.stepDown() method in the mongo shell to step down the primary. Upon successful stepdown, the current primary becomes a secondary and the replica set members elect a new primary.
  2. A. Stop One Secondary and Restart as a Standalone
  3. B. Build the Index
  4. C. Restart the Program mongod as a Replica Set Member