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Downgrade 4.4 Standalone to 4.2

MongoDB 4.4 Dev Series (4.3.x) Available

MongoDB 4.4 is currently in development as part of the 4.3 development series. While the 4.3-dev-series are available, these versions of MongoDB are for testing purposes only and not for production use.

Before you attempt any downgrade, familiarize yourself with the content of this document.

Downgrade Path

Once upgraded to 4.4, if you need to downgrade, we recommend downgrading to the latest patch release of 4.2.

Create Backup

Optional but Recommended. Create a backup of your database.

Access Control

If your deployment has access control enabled, your downgrade user privileges must include privileges to list and manage indexes across databases. A user with root role has the required privileges.

Prerequisites

To downgrade from 4.4 to 4.2, you must remove incompatible features that are persisted and/or update incompatible configuration settings. These include:

1. Namespace Length

Starting in MongoDB 4.4:

  • For featureCompatibilityVersion set to "4.4" or greater, MongoDB raises the limit on collection/view namespace to 255 bytes. For a collection or a view, the namespace includes the database name, the dot (.) separator, and the collection/view name (e.g. <database>.<collection>),
  • For featureCompatibilityVersion set to "4.2" or earlier, the maximum length of the collection/view namespace remains 120 bytes.

Before downgrading, resolve any collections or views with namespaces that exceed the 120-byte Namespace Length limit for Feature Compatibility Version (fCV) 4.2.

To determine if you have any collections or views with namespaces that exceed the 120-byte limit, connect mongo shell to the mongod instance and run:

db.adminCommand("listDatabases").databases.forEach(function(d){
   let mdb = db.getSiblingDB(d.name);

   mdb.getCollectionInfos( ).forEach(function(c){
      namespace = d.name + "." + c.name
      namespacelenBytes =  encodeURIComponent(namespace).length

      if (namespacelenBytes > 120) {
         print (c.type.toUpperCase() + " namespace exceeds 120 bytes:: " + namespace )
      }
   } )
})

If any collection or view namespace exceeds 120 bytes, then prior to downgrading the fCV:

  • Rename the collection using the renameCollection command.
  • For views, use db.createView() to recreate the view using a shorter name, then drop the original view.

2. Downgrade Feature Compatibility Version (fCV)

To downgrade the featureCompatibilityVersion of your sharded cluster:

  1. Connect a mongo shell to the mongod instance.

  2. Downgrade the featureCompatibilityVersion to "4.2".

    db.adminCommand({setFeatureCompatibilityVersion: "4.2"})
    

    The setFeatureCompatibilityVersion command performs writes to an internal system collection and is idempotent. If for any reason the command does not complete successfully, retry the command on the mongod instance.

3. Remove FCV 4.4 Persisted Features

The following steps are necessary only if fCV has ever been set to "4.4".

Remove all persisted 4.4 features that are incompatible with 4.2. These include:

4. Remove 4.4 Features

Remove all persisted features that use 4.4 features. These include but are not limited to:

Procedure

Warning

Before proceeding with the downgrade procedure, ensure that the prerequisites have been completed.

1

Download the latest 4.2 binaries.

Using either a package manager or a manual download, get the latest release in the 4.2 series. If using a package manager, add a new repository for the 4.2 binaries, then perform the actual downgrade process.

Once upgraded to 4.4, if you need to downgrade, we recommend downgrading to the latest patch release of 4.2.

2

Restart with the latest 4.2 mongod instance.

Shut down your mongod instance. Replace the existing binary with the downloaded mongod binary and restart.

  1. Shut down your mongod instance. To safely terminate the mongod process, you can connect a mongo shell to the instance and run:

    db.adminCommand( { shutdown: 1 } )
    
  2. Replace the 4.4 binary with the downloaded 4.2 mongod binary and restart.