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$toLong (aggregation)

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Definition

$toLong

New in version 4.0.

Converts a value of to a long. If the value cannot be converted to a long, $toLong errors. If the value is null or missing, $toLong returns null.

$toLong has the following syntax:

{
   $toLong: <expression>
}

The $toLong takes any valid expression.

The $toLong is a shorthand for the following $convert expression:

{ $convert: { input: <expression>, to: "long" } }

See also

$convert

Behavior

The following table lists the input types that can be converted to a decimal:

The following table lists the input types that can be converted to a long:

Input Type Behavior
Boolean
Returns NumberLong(0) for false.
Returns NumberLong(1) for true.
Double

Returns truncated value.

The truncated double value must fall within the minimum and maximum value for a long.

You cannot convert a double value whose truncated value is less than the minimum long value or is greater than the maximum long value.

Decimal

Returns truncated value.

The truncated decimal value must fall within the minimum and maximum value for a long.

You cannot convert a decimal value whose truncated value is less than the minimum long value or is greater than the maximum long value.

Integer Returns the int value as a long.
Long No-op. Returns the long value.
String

Returns the numerical value of the string.

The string value must be of a base10 long (e.g. "-5", "123456").

You cannot convert a string value of a float or decimal or non-base10 number (e.g. "-5.0", "0x6400")

Date Converts the Date into the number of milliseconds since the epoch.

The following table lists some conversion to long examples:

Example Results
{ $toLong: true } NumberLong(“1”)
{ $toLong: false } NumberLong(“0”)
{ $toLong: 1.99999 } NumberLong(“1”)
{ $toLong: NumberDecimal("5.5000") } NumberLong(“5”)
{ $toLong: NumberDecimal("9223372036854775808.0") } Error
{ $toLong: NumberInt(8) } NumberLong(8)
{ $toLong: ISODate("2018-03-26T04:38:28.044Z") } NumberLong(“1522039108044”)
{ $toLong: "-2" } NumberLong(“-2”)
{ $toLong: "2.5" } Error
{ $toLong: null } null

Example

Create a collection orders with the following documents:

db.orders.insert( [
   { _id: 1, item: "apple", qty: NumberInt(5) },
   { _id: 2, item: "pie", qty: "100" },
   { _id: 3, item: "ice cream", qty: NumberLong(500) },
   { _id: 4, item: "almonds", qty: "50" },
] )

The following aggregation operation on the orders collection converts the qty to long before sorting by the value:

// Define stage to add convertedQty field with converted qty value

qtyConversionStage = {
   $addFields: {
      convertedQty: { $toLong: "$qty" }
   }
};

// Define stage to sort documents by the converted qty values

sortStage = {
   $sort: { "convertedQty": -1 }
};


db.orders.aggregate( [
   qtyConversionStage,
   sortStage
])

The operation returns the following documents:

{ "_id" : 1, "item" : "apple", "qty" : 5, "convertedQty" : NumberLong(5) }
{ "_id" : 2, "item" : "pie", "qty" : "100", "convertedQty" : NumberLong(100) }
{ "_id" : 3, "item" : "ice cream", "qty" : NumberLong(500), "convertedQty" : NumberLong(500) }
{ "_id" : 4, "item" : "almonds", "qty" : "50", "convertedQty" : NumberLong(50) }

Note

If the conversion operation encounters an error, the aggregation operation stops and throws an error. To override this behavior, use $convert instead.