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$isoDayOfWeek (aggregation)

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Definition

$isoDayOfWeek

New in version 3.4.

Returns the weekday number in ISO 8601 format, ranging from 1 (for Monday) to 7 (for Sunday).

The $isoDayOfWeek expression has the following operator expression syntax:

{ $isoDayOfWeek: <dateExpression> }

Changed in version 3.6.

The argument must be a valid expression that resolves to one of the following:

  • A Date, a Timestamp, or an ObjectID.

  • A document of the following form:

    New in version 3.6.

    { date: <dateExpression>, timezone: <tzExpression> }
    
    Field Description
    date The date to which the operator is applied. <dateExpression> must be a valid expression that resolves to a Date, a Timestamp, or an ObjectID.
    timezone

    Optional. The timezone of the operation result. <tzExpression> must be a valid expression that resolves to a string formatted as either an Olson Timezone Identifier or a UTC Offset. If no timezone is provided, the result is displayed in UTC.

    Format Examples
    Olson Timezone Identifier
    "America/New_York"
    "Europe/London"
    "GMT"
    
    UTC Offset
    +/-[hh]:[mm], e.g. "+04:45"
    +/-[hh][mm], e.g. "-0530"
    +/-[hh], e.g. "+03"
    

Behavior

Example Result
{ $isoDayOfWeek: new Date("2016-01-01") }
5
{ $isoDayOfWeek: { date: new Date("Jan 7, 2003") } }
2
{ $isoDayOfWeek: {
    date: new Date("August 14, 2011"),
    timezone: "America/Chicago"
} }
7
{ $isoDayOfWeek: ISODate("1998-11-07T00:00:00Z") }
6
{ $isoDayOfWeek: {
    date: ISODate("1998-11-07T00:00:00Z"),
    timezone: "-0400"
} }
5
{ $isoDayOfWeek: "March 28, 1976" }
error
{ $isoDayOfWeek: Date("2016-01-01") }
error
{ $isoDayOfWeek: "2009-04-09" }
error

Note

$isoDayOfWeek cannot take a string as an argument.

Example

A collection called birthdays contains the following documents:

{ "_id" : 1, "name" : "Betty", "birthday" : ISODate("1993-09-21T00:00:00Z") }
{ "_id" : 2, "name" : "Veronica", "birthday" : ISODate("1981-11-07T00:00:00Z") }

The following operation returns the weekday number for each birthday field.

db.dates.aggregate( [
  {
    $project: {
      _id: 0,
      name: "$name",
      dayOfWeek: { $isoDayOfWeek: "$birthday" }
    }
  }
] )

The operation returns the following results:

{ "name" : "Betty", "dayOfWeek" : 2 }
{ "name" : "Veronica", "dayOfWeek" : 6 }