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removeShard

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removeShard

Removes a shard from a sharded cluster. When you run removeShard, MongoDB drains the shard by using the balancer to move the shard’s chunks to other shards in the cluster. Once the shard is drained, MongoDB removes the shard from the cluster.

Syntax

To run, from a mongos instance, issue the command against the admin database:

db.adminCommand( { removeShard : <shardToRemove> } )

Behavior

You can only remove one shard at a time. removeShard returns an error if an existing removeShard operation is in progress.

Access Requirements

If you have authorization enabled, you must have the clusterManager role or any role that includes the removeShard action.

Database Migration Requirements

Each database in a sharded cluster has a primary shard. If the shard you want to remove is also the primary of one of the cluster’s databases, then you must manually move the databases to a new shard after migrating all data from the shard. See the movePrimary command and the Remove Shards from an Existing Sharded Cluster for more information.

Chunk Balancing

When you remove a shard in a cluster with an uneven chunk distribution, the balancer first removes the chunks from the draining shard and then balances the remaining uneven chunk distribution.

Write Concern

mongos converts the write concern of the removeShard command to "majority".

Change Streams

A shard removal may cause an open change stream cursor to close, and the closed change stream cursor may not be fully resumable.

Example

From the mongo shell, the removeShard operation resembles the following:

db.adminCommand( { removeShard : "bristol01" } )

Replace bristol01 with the name of the shard to remove. When you run removeShard, the command returns with a message that resembles the following:

{
   "msg" : "draining started successfully",
   "state" : "started",
   "shard" : "bristol01",
   "note" : "you need to drop or movePrimary these databases",
   "dbsToMove" : [
      "fizz",
      "buzz"
   ],
   "ok" : 1,
   "operationTime" : Timestamp(1575398919, 2),
   "$clusterTime" : {
      "clusterTime" : Timestamp(1575398919, 2),
      "signature" : {
         "hash" : BinData(0,"Oi68poWCFCA7b9kyhIcg+TzaGiA="),
         "keyId" : NumberLong("6766255701040824328")
      }
   }
}

The balancer begins migrating (“draining”) chunks from the shard named bristol01 to other shards in the cluster. These migrations happen slowly in order to avoid placing undue load on the cluster.

The output includes the field dbsToMove indicating the databases for which bristol01 is the primary shard. After all chunks have been drained from the shard, you must either movePrimary for the database(s) or alternatively, drop these databases.

Note

If the shard you are removing is not the primary shard for any database, the dbsToMove array will be empty and removeShard can complete the migration without intervention.

If you run the command again, removeShard returns the current status of the process. For example, if the operaton is in an ongoing state, the command returns an output that resembles the following:

{
   "msg" : "draining ongoing",
   "state" : "ongoing",
   "remaining" : {
      "chunks" : NumberLong(2),
      "dbs" : NumberLong(2),
      "jumboChunks" : NumberLong(0)         // Available starting in 4.2.2 (and 4.0.14)
   },
   "note" : "you need to drop or movePrimary these databases",
   "dbsToMove" : [
      "fizz",
      "buzz"
   ],
   "ok" : 1,
   "operationTime" : Timestamp(1575399086, 1655),
   "$clusterTime" : {
      "clusterTime" : Timestamp(1575399086, 1655),
      "signature" : {
         "hash" : BinData(0,"XBrTmjMMe82fUtVLRm13GBVtRE8="),
         "keyId" : NumberLong("6766255701040824328")
      }
   }
}

In the output, the remaining field includes the following fields:

chunks Total number of chunks currently remaining on the shard.
dbs Total number of databases whose primary shard is the shard. These databases are specified in the dbsToMove output field.
jumboChunks

Of the total number of chunks, the number that are jumbo.

If the jumboChunks is greater than 0, wait until only the jumboChunks remain on the shard. Once only the jumbo chunks remain, you must manually clear the jumbo flag before the draining can complete. See Clear jumbo Flag.

Available starting in 4.2.2 (and 4.0.14)

Continue checking the status of the removeShard command (i.e. rerun the command) until the number of chunks remaining is 0.

{
   "msg" : "draining ongoing",
   "state" : "ongoing",
   "remaining" : {
      "chunks" : NumberLong(0),             // All chunks have moved
      "dbs" : NumberLong(2),
      "jumboChunks" : NumberLong(0)
   },
   "note" : "you need to drop or movePrimary these databases",
   "dbsToMove" : [
      "fizz",
      "buzz"
   ],
   "ok" : 1,
   "operationTime" : Timestamp(1575400343, 1),
   "$clusterTime" : {
      "clusterTime" : Timestamp(1575400343, 1),
      "signature" : {
         "hash" : BinData(0,"9plu5B/hw4uWAgEmjjBP3syw1Zk="),
         "keyId" : NumberLong("6766255701040824328")
      }
   }
}

After all chunks have been drained from the shard, if you have dbsToMove, you can either movePrimary for those databases or alternatively, drop the databases (which deletes the associated data files).

After the balancer completes moving all chunks off the shard and you have handled the dbsToMove, removeShard can finish. Running removeShard again returns output that resembles the following:

{
   "msg" : "removeshard completed successfully",
   "state" : "completed",
   "shard" : "bristol01",
   "ok" : 1,
   "operationTime" : Timestamp(1575400370, 2),
   "$clusterTime" : {
      "clusterTime" : Timestamp(1575400370, 2),
      "signature" : {
         "hash" : BinData(0,"JjSRciHECXDBXo0e5nJv9mdRG8M="),
         "keyId" : NumberLong("6766255701040824328")
      }
   }
}