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Query an Array of Embedded Documents


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The following example selects all documents where an element in the instock array matches the specified document:

Equality matches on the whole embedded/nested document require an exact match of the specified document, including the field order. For example, the following query does not match any documents in the inventory collection:

If you do not know the index position of the document nested in the array, concatenate the name of the array field, with a dot (.) and the name of the field in the nested document.

The following example selects all documents where the instock array has at least one embedded document that contains the field qty whose value is less than or equal to 20:

Using dot notation, you can specify query conditions for field in a document at a particular index or position of the array. The array uses zero-based indexing.

Note

When querying using dot notation, the field and index must be inside quotation marks.

The following example selects all documents where the instock array has as its first element a document that contains the field qty whose value is less than or equal to 20:

When specifying conditions on more than one field nested in an array of documents, you can specify the query such that either a single document meets these condition or any combination of documents (including a single document) in the array meets the conditions.

Use $elemMatch operator to specify multiple criteria on an array of embedded documents such that at least one embedded document satisfies all the specified criteria.

The following example queries for documents where the instock array has at least one embedded document that contains both the field qty equal to 5 and the field warehouse equal to A:

The following example queries for documents where the instock array has at least one embedded document that contains the field qty that is greater than 10 and less than or equal to 20:

If the compound query conditions on an array field do not use the $elemMatch operator, the query selects those documents whose array contains any combination of elements that satisfies the conditions.

For example, the following query matches documents where any document nested in the instock array has the qty field greater than 10 and any document (but not necessarily the same embedded document) in the array has the qty field less than or equal to 20:

The following example queries for documents where the instock array has at least one embedded document that contains the field qty equal to 5 and at least one embedded document (but not necessarily the same embedded document) that contains the field warehouse equal to A:

For additional query examples, see:

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