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Install using msiexec.exe

The following tutorial uses msiexec.exe from the command line to install MongoDB Community Edition 4.0 on Windows. To install using the MongoDB installer .msi, see Install MongoDB Community Edition on Windows instead.

Note

To install a different version of MongoDB, please refer to that version’s documentation. To install the previous version, see the tutorial for version 3.6.

Prerequisites

Platform Support

MongoDB requires x86 64-architecture and supports the following:

  • Windows 7/Server 2008 R2
  • Windows 8/2012 R2 and later

See Supported Platforms for more information.

Windows Updates

Windows 2012 Server and Windows 10 need KB2999226 to provide Universal C Runtime support for Windows.

Production Notes

Before deploying MongoDB in a production environment, consider the Production Notes document.

Install MongoDB Community Edition

Note

You can also spin up MongoDB on Azure using Atlas, our fully-managed database-as-a-service. Atlas enables you to configure anything from a free sandbox environment to a globally sharded production cluster. Set up a free cluster now.

You may install MongoDB MongoDB Community Edition unattended on Windows from the Windows command prompt/interpreter (cmd.exe) using msiexec.exe.

1

Download MongoDB Community Edition.

Download the installer (.msi) from the MongoDB Download Center:

  1. The Download Center should display MongoDB Community Server download information. If not, select Server, then click the MongoDB Community Server tab.
  2. In the Version dropdown, select the version that corresponds to MongoDB Server 4.0. The dropdown displays the latest available point version. For older point releases, click the All version binaries link on the download center page.
  3. In the OS dropdown, verify that Windows 64-bit X64 is selected.
  4. In the Package drop down, verify that MSI is selected.
  5. Click Download.
2

Run the Windows Installer from the Windows Command Interpreter.

Important

You must open the command interpreter (not Powershell) as an Administrator.

To install all MongoDB binaries, including MongoDB Compass, to the default installation directory, go to the directory containing the .msi installation binary and invoke:

msiexec.exe /l*v mdbinstall.log  /qb /i mongodb-win32-x86_64-2008plus-ssl-4.0.4-signed.msi

To specify a different installation location for the executables, add the INSTALLLOCATION value.

msiexec.exe /l*v mdbinstall.log  /qb /i mongodb-win32-x86_64-2008plus-ssl-4.0.4-signed.msi ^
            INSTALLLOCATION="C:\MongoDB\Server\4.0\"

By default, this method installs all MongoDB binaries. To install specific MongoDB component sets, you can specify them in the ADDLOCAL argument using a comma-separated list including one or more of the following component sets:

Component Set Binaries
Server mongod.exe
ServerService Set up mongod.exe as a service. Use in conjunction with Server to install and set up MongoDB as a service.
Router mongos.exe
Client mongo.exe
MonitoringTools mongostat.exe, mongotop.exe
ImportExportTools mongodump.exe, mongorestore.exe, mongoexport.exe, mongoimport.exe
MiscellaneousTools bsondump.exe, mongofiles.exe

To install just the MongoDB server and set up as a service and the mongo.exe shell, invoke:

msiexec.exe /l*v mdbinstall.log  /qb /i mongodb-win32-x86_64-2008plus-ssl-4.0.4-signed.msi ^
            ADDLOCAL="Server,ServerService,Client"

To install only the MongoDB utilities, invoke:

msiexec.exe /l*v mdbinstall.log  /qb /i mongodb-win32-x86_64-2008plus-ssl-4.0.4-signed.msi ^
            ADDLOCAL="MonitoringTools,ImportExportTools,MiscellaneousTools"

If you do not wish to install MongoDB Compass at this time, include the SHOULD_INSTALL_COMPASS="0" argument.

msiexec.exe /l*v mdbinstall.log  /qb /i mongodb-win32-x86_64-2008plus-ssl-4.0.4-signed.msi ^
            SHOULD_INSTALL_COMPASS="0"

Start MongoDB Community Edition from the Command Interpreter

Open a Windows command prompt/interpreter (cmd.exe) as an Administrator.

Important

You must open the command interpreter as an Administrator.

1

Create database directory.

Create the data directory where MongoDB stores data. MongoDB’s default data directory path is the absolute path \data\db on the drive from which you start MongoDB.

From the Command Interpreter, create the data directories:

cd C:\
md "\data\db"
2

Start your MongoDB database.

To start MongoDB, run mongod.exe.

"C:\Program Files\MongoDB\Server\4.0\bin\mongod.exe" --dbpath="c:\data\db"

The --dbpath option points to your database directory.

If the MongoDB database server is running correctly, the Command Interpreter displays:

[initandlisten] waiting for connections

Important

Depending on the Windows Defender Firewall settings on your Windows host, Windows may display a Security Alert dialog box about blocking “some features” of C:\Program Files\MongoDB\Server\4.0\bin\mongod.exe from communicating on networks. To remedy this issue:

  1. Click Private Networks, such as my home or work network.
  2. Click Allow access.

To learn more about security and MongoDB, see the Security Documentation.

3

Connect to MongoDB.

To connect a mongo.exe shell to the MongoDB instance, open another Command Interpreter with Administrative privileges and run:

"C:\Program Files\MongoDB\Server\4.0\bin\mongo.exe"

For more information on connecting a mongo.exe shell, such as to connect to a MongoDB instance running on a different host and/or port, see The mongo Shell. For information on CRUD (Create,Read,Update,Delete) operations, see:

Run MongoDB Community Edition as a Windows Service

Start MongoDB Community Edition as a Windows Service

Starting in version 4.0, you can install and configure MongoDB as a Windows Service during the install, and the MongoDB service is started upon successful installation.

You can also manually manage the service from the command line. To start the MongoDB service from the command line, open a Windows command prompt/interpreter (cmd.exe) as an Administrator, and run the following command:

1

Start the MongoDB service.

Close all other command prompts, then invoke the following command:

net start MongoDB
2

Verify that MongoDB has started successfully.

Check your MongoDB log file for the following line:

[initandlisten] waiting for connections on port 27017

You may see non-critical warnings in the process output. As long as you see this message in the MongoDB log, you can safely ignore these warnings during your initial evaluation of MongoDB.

3

Connect to the MongoDB server.

To connect to MongoDB through the mongo.exe shell, open another Command Interpreter.

"C:\Program Files\MongoDB\Server\4.0\bin\mongo.exe"

Stop MongoDB Community Edition as a Windows Service

To stop/pause the MongoDB service, you can use the Services console:

  1. From the Services console, locate the MongoDB service.
  2. Right-click on the MongoDB service and click Stop (or Pause).

You can also manage the service from the command line. To stop the MongoDB service from the command line, open a Windows command prompt/interpreter (cmd.exe) as an Administrator, and run the following command:

net stop MongoDB

Remove MongoDB Community Edition as a Windows Service

To remove the MongoDB service, first use the Services console to stop the service. Then open a Windows command prompt/interpreter (cmd.exe) as an Administrator, and run the following command:

sc.exe delete MongoDB

Additional Considerations

Point Releases and .msi

If you installed MongoDB with the Windows installer (.msi), the .msi automatically upgrades within the same release series (e.g. 4.0.1 to 4.0.2).

Upgrading a full release series (e.g. 4.0 to 4.2) requires a new installation.

Add MongoDB binaries to the System PATH

All command-line examples in this tutorial are provided as absolute paths to the MongoDB binaries. You can add C:\Program Files\MongoDB\Server\4.0\bin to your System PATH and then omit the full path to the MongoDB binaries.