Install using .tgz Tarball on Amazon


Although the recommended procedure to install is through the package manager, you can also install by directly downloading the .tgz file. The following tutorial downloads the .tgz tarball directly to install MongoDB 4.2 Community Edition on Amazon Linux and Amazon Linux 2 systems.

MongoDB Version

This tutorial installs MongoDB 4.2 Community Edition on LTS Amazon Linux systems. For other versions of MongoDB, refer to the corresponding version of the manual.

Platform Support

MongoDB only provides packages for the following Amazon Linux releases:

  • Amazon Linux 2013.03 or later
  • Amazon Linux 2

See Supported Platforms for more information.

Production Notes

Before deploying MongoDB in a production environment, consider the Production Notes document.


MongoDB .tar.gz tarballs require installing the following dependencies:

sudo yum install libcurl openssl

Install using the .tgz Tarball


Download the MongoDB .tgz tarball.

Download the tarball for your system from the MongoDB Download Center. Ensure you select the correct version of Amazon Linux for the host machine.


Extract the files from the downloaded archive.

Using an archive manager program or the tar command, extract the files. For example, to extract from the terminal shell, you can use the following tar command:


If you downloaded a different MongoDB 4.2 point release, be sure to modify the command to reflect the correct .tgz file name.

tar -zxvf mongodb-linux-x86_64-*-4.2.1.tgz

Optional. Ensure the binaries are in a directory listed in your PATH environment variable.

The MongoDB binaries are in the <mongodb-install-directory>/bin directory. To avoid having to specify the path to the MongoDB binaries, add the contents of the <mongodb-install-directory>/bin/ directory to a directory in the $PATH such as /usr/bin/. For example, you can either:

  • Copy the binaries into /usr/bin/.

    sudo cp <mongodb-install-directory>/bin/* /usr/bin/


  • Create symbolic links to each of these binaries to /usr/bin/:

    sudo ln -s /full/path/to/<mongodb-install-directory>/bin/* /usr/bin/

    Replace /full/path/to with the full path to the extracted directory contents.

Run MongoDB Community Edition

Production Notes
Before deploying MongoDB in a production environment, consider the Production Notes document.
ulimit Considerations
Most Unix-like operating systems limit the system resources that a session may use. These limits may negatively impact MongoDB operation. See UNIX ulimit Settings for more information.
You can configure the MongoDB instance (such as the data directory and log directory specifications) using either the command-line options or a configuration file.

Create the data and log directories.


Depending on user permissions, you may need to sudo mkdir -p <directory> instead of mkdir -p <directory>. Use or omit sudo as appropriate. See your linux man pages for information on mkdir and sudo.

Create a directory where the MongoDB instance stores its data. For example:

sudo mkdir -p /var/lib/mongo

Create a directory where the MongoDB instance stores its log. For example:

sudo mkdir -p /var/log/mongodb

The user that starts the MongoDB process must have read and write permission to these directories. For example, if you intend to run MongoDB as yourself:

sudo chown `whoami` /var/lib/mongo     # Or substitute another user
sudo chown `whoami` /var/log/mongodb   # Or substitute another user

Run MongoDB.

To run MongoDB, run the mongod process at the system prompt.

mongod --dbpath /var/lib/mongo --logpath /var/log/mongodb/mongod.log --fork

For details on the command-line options --dbpath and --logpath, see Options.


Verify that MongoDB has started successfully.

Verify that MongoDB has started successfully by checking the process output for the following line in the log file /var/log/mongodb/mongod.log:

[initandlisten] waiting for connections on port 27017

You may see non-critical warnings in the process output. As long as you see the log line shown above, you can safely ignore these warnings during your initial evaluation of MongoDB.


Begin using MongoDB.

Start a mongo shell on the same host machine as the mongod. You can run the mongo shell without any command-line options to connect to a mongod that is running on your localhost with default port 27017:


For more information on connecting using the mongo shell, such as to connect to a mongod instance running on a different host and/or port, see The mongo Shell.

To help you start using MongoDB, MongoDB provides Getting Started Guides in various driver editions. See Getting Started for the available editions.