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Install MongoDB Enterprise on Debian

Overview

Use this tutorial to install MongoDB Enterprise from .deb packages on Debian 7 “Wheezy” or Debian 8 “Jessie”.

Platform Support

This installation guide only supports 64-bit systems. See Platform Support for details.

MongoDB provides officially supported Enterprise packages in their own repository. This repository contains the following packages:

Package Name Description
mongodb-enterprise A metapackage that will automatically install the four component packages listed below.
mongodb-enterprise-server Contains the mongod daemon and associated configuration and init scripts.
mongodb-enterprise-mongos Contains the mongos daemon.
mongodb-enterprise-shell Contains the mongo shell.
mongodb-enterprise-tools Contains the following MongoDB tools: mongoimport bsondump, mongodump, mongoexport, mongofiles, mongoperf, mongorestore, mongostat, and mongotop.

Install MongoDB Enterprise

Note

To install a different version of MongoDB, please refer to that version’s documentation. For example, see version 3.4.

This installation guide only supports 64-bit systems. See Platform Support for details.

Use the provided distribution packages as described in this page if possible. These packages will automatically install all of MongoDB’s dependencies, and are the recommended installation method.

1

Import the public key used by the package management system.

The Ubuntu package management tools (i.e. dpkg and apt) ensure package consistency and authenticity by requiring that distributors sign packages with GPG keys. Issue the following command to import the MongoDB public GPG Key:

sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv 2930ADAE8CAF5059EE73BB4B58712A2291FA4AD5
2

Create a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-enterprise.list file for MongoDB.

Create the list file using the command appropriate for your version of Debian:

Debian 7 “Wheezy”
echo "deb http://repo.mongodb.com/apt/debian wheezy/mongodb-enterprise/3.6 main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-enterprise.list
Debian 8 “Jessie”
echo "deb http://repo.mongodb.com/apt/debian jessie/mongodb-enterprise/3.6 main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-enterprise.list

If you’d like to install MongoDB Enterprise packages from a particular release series such as 3.4, you can specify the release series in the repository configuration. For example, to restrict your system to the 3.4 release series, add the following repository:

echo "deb http://repo.mongodb.com/apt/debian wheezy/mongodb-enterprise/3.4 main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-enterprise-3.4.list

Currently packages are available for Debian 7 “Wheezy” and Debian 8 “Jessie”.

3

Reload local package database.

Issue the following command to reload the local package database:

sudo apt-get update
4

Install the MongoDB Enterprise packages.

Install MongoDB Enterprise version 3.6.

Issue the following command:

sudo apt-get install -y mongodb-enterprise

Install a specific release of MongoDB Enterprise.

To install a specific release, you must specify each component package individually along with the version number, as in the following example:

sudo apt-get install -y mongodb-enterprise=3.6.0 mongodb-enterprise-server=3.6.0 mongodb-enterprise-shell=3.6.0 mongodb-enterprise-mongos=3.6.0 mongodb-enterprise-tools=3.6.0

If you only install mongodb-enterprise=3.6.0 and do not include the component packages, the latest version of each MongoDB package will be installed regardless of what version you specified.

Pin a specific version of MongoDB Enterprise.

Although you can specify any available version of MongoDB, apt-get will upgrade the packages when a newer version becomes available. To prevent unintended upgrades, pin the package. To pin the version of MongoDB at the currently installed version, issue the following command sequence:

echo "mongodb-enterprise hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections
echo "mongodb-enterprise-server hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections
echo "mongodb-enterprise-shell hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections
echo "mongodb-enterprise-mongos hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections
echo "mongodb-enterprise-tools hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections

Install MongoDB Enterprise From Tarball

While you should use the .deb packages as previously described, you may also manually install MongoDB using the tarballs. See Install MongoDB Enterprise From Tarball for details.

Run MongoDB Enterprise

The MongoDB instance stores its data files in /var/lib/mongodb and its log files in /var/log/mongodb by default, and runs using the mongodb user account. You can specify alternate log and data file directories in /etc/mongod.conf. See systemLog.path and storage.dbPath for additional information.

If you change the user that runs the MongoDB process, you must modify the access control rights to the /var/lib/mongodb and /var/log/mongodb directories to give this user access to these directories.

Most Unix-like operating systems limit the system resources that a session may use. These limits may negatively impact MongoDB operation. See UNIX ulimit Settings for more information.

1

Start MongoDB.

Issue the following command to start mongod:

sudo service mongod start
2

Verify that MongoDB has started successfully

Verify that the mongod process has started successfully by checking the contents of the log file at /var/log/mongodb/mongod.log for a line reading

[initandlisten] waiting for connections on port 27017

<port> is the port the mongod listens on. If you modified the net.port setting in the /etc/mongod.conf configuration file, the port may differ.

If you modified the systemLog.path configuration file option, look for the log file at the location you specified to that setting.

You may see non-critical warnings in the mongod output. As long as you see the log line shown above, you can safely ignore these warnings during your initial evaluation of MongoDB.

3

Stop MongoDB.

As needed, you can stop the mongod process by issuing the following command:

sudo service mongod stop
4

Restart MongoDB.

Issue the following command to restart mongod:

sudo service mongod restart
5

Begin using MongoDB.

Start a mongo shell on the same host machine as the mongod. Use the --host command line option to specify the localhost address and port that the mongod listens on:

mongo --host 127.0.0.1:27017

Later, to stop MongoDB, press Control+C in the terminal where the mongod instance is running.

Uninstall MongoDB

To completely remove MongoDB from a system, you must remove the MongoDB applications themselves, the configuration files, and any directories containing data and logs. The following section guides you through the necessary steps.

Warning

This process will completely remove MongoDB, its configuration, and all databases. This process is not reversible, so ensure that all of your configuration and data is backed up before proceeding.

1

Stop MongoDB.

Stop the mongod process by issuing the following command:

sudo service mongod stop
2

Remove Packages.

Remove any MongoDB packages that you had previously installed.

sudo apt-get purge mongodb-enterprise*
3

Remove Data Directories.

Remove MongoDB databases and log files.

sudo rm -r /var/log/mongodb
sudo rm -r /var/lib/mongodb