Navigation

Install MongoDB Enterprise Edition on Debian

Overview

Use this tutorial to install MongoDB 4.2 Enterprise from .deb packages on Debian.

Note

To install a different version of MongoDB, please refer to that version’s documentation. To install the previous version, see the tutorial for version 4.0.

Considerations

Production Notes

Before deploying MongoDB in a production environment, consider the Production Notes document.

Platform Support

EOL Notice

MongoDB 4.2 removes support for Debian 8 (“Jessie”).

MongodDB 4.2 supports:

  • Debian 10 “Buster” (Starting in version 4.2.1)
  • Debian 9 “Stretch”

MongoDB only provides packages for the 64-bit builds of these releases. See Supported Platforms for more information.

Install MongoDB Enterprise

Important

The mongodb-enterprise package is officially maintained and supported by MongoDB Inc. and kept up-to-date with the most recent MongoDB releases. This installation procedure uses the mongodb-enterprise package.

The mongodb package provided by Debian is not maintained by MongoDB Inc. and conflicts with the mongodb-enterprise package. To check if Debian’s mongodb package is installed on the system, run sudo apt list --installed | grep mongodb. You can use sudo apt remove mongodb and sudo apt purge mongodb to remove and purge the mongodb package before attempting this procedure.

Use the provided distribution packages as described in this page if possible. These packages will automatically install all of MongoDB’s dependencies, and are the recommended installation method.

1

Import the public key used by the package management system.

From a terminal, issue the following command to import the MongoDB public GPG Key from https://www.mongodb.org/static/pgp/server-4.2.asc:

wget -qO - https://www.mongodb.org/static/pgp/server-4.2.asc | sudo apt-key add -

The operation should respond with an OK.

However, if you receive an error indicating that gnupg is not installed, you can:

  1. Install gnupg and its required libraries using the following command:

    sudo apt-get install gnupg
    
  2. Once installed, retry importing the key:

    wget -qO - https://www.mongodb.org/static/pgp/server-4.2.asc | sudo apt-key add -
    
2

Create a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-enterprise.list file for MongoDB.

Create the list file using the command appropriate for your version of Debian:

echo "deb http://repo.mongodb.com/apt/debian buster/mongodb-enterprise/4.2 main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-enterprise.list
echo "deb http://repo.mongodb.com/apt/debian stretch/mongodb-enterprise/4.2 main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-enterprise.list

If you’d like to install MongoDB Enterprise packages from a particular release series, you can specify the release series of a version of MongoDB that is supported for your Debian build in the repository configuration. For example, to restrict your system to the 4.2 release series, add the following repository:

echo "deb http://repo.mongodb.com/apt/debian buster/mongodb-enterprise/4.2 main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-enterprise-4.2.list
echo "deb http://repo.mongodb.com/apt/debian stretch/mongodb-enterprise/4.2 main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-enterprise-4.2.list
3

Reload local package database.

Issue the following command to reload the local package database:

sudo apt-get update
4

Install the MongoDB Enterprise packages.

Install MongoDB Enterprise.

Issue the following command:

sudo apt-get install -y mongodb-enterprise

Install a specific release of MongoDB Enterprise.

To install a specific release, you must specify each component package individually along with the version number, as in the following example:

sudo apt-get install -y mongodb-enterprise=4.2.1 mongodb-enterprise-server=4.2.1 mongodb-enterprise-shell=4.2.1 mongodb-enterprise-mongos=4.2.1 mongodb-enterprise-tools=4.2.1

If you only install mongodb-enterprise=4.2.1 and do not include the component packages, the latest version of each MongoDB package will be installed regardless of what version you specified.

Pin a specific version of MongoDB Enterprise.

Although you can specify any available version of MongoDB, apt-get upgrades the packages when a newer version becomes available. To prevent unintended upgrades, pin the package. To pin the version of MongoDB at the currently installed version, issue the following command sequence:

echo "mongodb-enterprise hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections
echo "mongodb-enterprise-server hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections
echo "mongodb-enterprise-shell hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections
echo "mongodb-enterprise-mongos hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections
echo "mongodb-enterprise-tools hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections

See also

The recommended procedure to install is through the package manager, as detailed on this page. However, if you choose to install by directly downloading the .tgz file, see Install MongoDB Enterprise on Debian Using .tgz Tarball.

Run MongoDB Enterprise

Production Notes

Before deploying MongoDB in a production environment, consider the Production Notes document.

By default, MongoDB instance stores:

  • its data files in /var/lib/mongodb
  • its log files in /var/log/mongodb

If you installed via the package manager, the directories are created during the installation.

If you installed manually by downloading the tarballs, you can create the directories using mkdir -p <directory> or sudo mkdir -p <directory> depending on the user that will run MongoDB. (See your linux man pages for information on mkdir and sudo.)

By default, MongoDB runs using the mongodb user account. If you change the user that runs the MongoDB process, you must also modify the permission to the /var/lib/mongodb and /var/log/mongodb directories to give this user access to these directories.

To specify a different log file directory and data file directory, edit the systemLog.path and storage.dbPath settings in the /etc/mongod.conf. Ensure that the user running MongoDB has access to these directories.

Most Unix-like operating systems limit the system resources that a session may use. These limits may negatively impact MongoDB operation. See UNIX ulimit Settings for more information.

1

Start MongoDB.

Issue the following command to start mongod:

sudo service mongod start
2

Verify that MongoDB has started successfully

Verify that the mongod process has started successfully:

sudo service mongod status

You can also check the log file for the current status of the mongod process, located at: /var/log/mongodb/mongod.log by default. A running mongod instance will indicate that it is ready for connections with the following line:

[initandlisten] waiting for connections on port 27017

3

Stop MongoDB.

As needed, you can stop the mongod process by issuing the following command:

sudo service mongod stop
4

Restart MongoDB.

Issue the following command to restart mongod:

sudo service mongod restart
5

Begin using MongoDB.

Start a mongo shell on the same host machine as the mongod. You can run the mongo shell without any command-line options to connect to a mongod that is running on your localhost with default port 27017:

mongo

For more information on connecting using the mongo shell, such as to connect to a mongod instance running on a different host and/or port, see The mongo Shell.

To help you start using MongoDB, MongoDB provides Getting Started Guides in various driver editions. See Getting Started for the available editions.

Uninstall MongoDB

To completely remove MongoDB from a system, you must remove the MongoDB applications themselves, the configuration files, and any directories containing data and logs. The following section guides you through the necessary steps.

Warning

This process will completely remove MongoDB, its configuration, and all databases. This process is not reversible, so ensure that all of your configuration and data is backed up before proceeding.

1

Stop MongoDB.

Stop the mongod process by issuing the following command:

sudo service mongod stop
2

Remove Packages.

Remove any MongoDB packages that you had previously installed.

sudo apt-get purge mongodb-enterprise*
3

Remove Data Directories.

Remove MongoDB databases and log files.

sudo rm -r /var/log/mongodb
sudo rm -r /var/lib/mongodb

Additional Information

Packages

MongoDB provides officially supported Enterprise packages in their own repository. This repository contains the following packages:

Package Name Description
mongodb-enterprise A metapackage that will automatically install the four component packages listed below.
mongodb-enterprise-server Contains the mongod daemon and associated configuration and init scripts.
mongodb-enterprise-mongos Contains the mongos daemon.
mongodb-enterprise-shell Contains the mongo shell.
mongodb-enterprise-tools Contains the following MongoDB tools: mongoimport bsondump, mongodump, mongoexport, mongofiles, mongorestore, mongostat, and mongotop.