Install MongoDB Enterprise Edition on Amazon Linux¶
MongoDB Atlas is a hosted MongoDB service option in the cloud which requires no installation overhead and offers a free tier to get started.
Use this tutorial to install MongoDB 4.4 Enterprise Edition
on Amazon Linux using the
yum package manager.
MongoDB Enterprise Edition is available on select platforms and contains support for several features related to security and monitoring.
Verify Linux Distribution¶
You can verify which Linux distribution you are running by running the following command on the command-line:
grep ^NAME /etc/*release
The result should be Amazon Linux or Amazon Linux AMI. If using a different Linux distribution, please see the install instructions for your platform.
This tutorial installs MongoDB 4.4 Enterprise Edition. To install a different version of MongoDB Enterprise, use the version drop-down menu in the upper-left corner of this page to select the documentation for that version.
- MongoDB 4.4 Enterprise Edition removes support for Amazon Linux 2013.03 on x86_64
MongoDB 4.4 Enterprise Edition supports the following 64-bit Amazon Linux release on x86_64 architecture:
- Amazon Linux 2
MongoDB only supports the 64-bit versions of this platform.
MongoDB 4.4 Enterprise Edition on Amazon Linux also supports the ARM64 architecture on select platforms.
See Supported Platforms for more information.
Before deploying MongoDB in a production environment, consider the Production Notes document which offers performance considerations and configuration recommendations for production MongoDB deployments.
Install MongoDB Enterprise Edition¶
Follow these steps to install MongoDB Enterprise Edition using the
yum package manager. Select the tab for your version of
/etc/yum.repos.d/mongodb-enterprise-4.4.repo file so that
you can install MongoDB enterprise directly using
[mongodb-enterprise-4.4] name=MongoDB Enterprise Repository baseurl=https://repo.mongodb.com/yum/amazon/2/mongodb-enterprise/4.4/$basearch/ gpgcheck=1 enabled=1 gpgkey=https://www.mongodb.org/static/pgp/server-4.4.asc
If you have a
in this directory from a previous installation of MongoDB, you
should remove it. Use the
file above to install MongoDB 4.4.
You can also download the
.rpm files directly from the
MongoDB repository. Downloads are organized by Amazon Linux
2), then MongoDB
4.4), then architecture (e.g.
Odd-numbered MongoDB release versions, such as
4.4, are development versions and are
unsuitable for production deployment.
Install the MongoDB Enterprise packages.¶
Install MongoDB Enterprise 4.4.¶
Issue the following command:
sudo yum install -y mongodb-enterprise
Install a specific release of MongoDB Enterprise.¶
To install a specific release, you must specify each component package individually along with the version number, as in the following example:
sudo yum install -y mongodb-enterprise-4.4 mongodb-enterprise-server-4.4 mongodb-enterprise-shell-4.4 mongodb-enterprise-mongos-4.4 mongodb-enterprise-tools-4.4
If you only install
mongodb-enterprise=4.4 and do not include the
component packages, the latest version of each MongoDB package will be
installed regardless of what version you specified.
Pin a specific version of MongoDB Enterprise.¶
Although you can specify any available version of MongoDB
yum upgrades the packages when a newer
version becomes available. To prevent unintended upgrades, pin
the package by adding the following
exclude directive to your
Run MongoDB Enterprise Edition¶
- ulimit Considerations
- Most Unix-like operating systems limit the system resources that a
process may use. These limits may negatively impact MongoDB operation,
and should be adjusted. See UNIX
ulimitSettings for the recommended settings for your platform.NoteStarting in MongoDB 4.4, a startup error is generated if the
ulimitvalue for number of open files is under
- By default, MongoDB instance stores:
- its data files in
- its log files in
mkdir -p <directory>or
sudo mkdir -p <directory>depending on the user that will run MongoDB. (See your linux man pages for information on
sudo.)By default, MongoDB runs using the
mongoduser account. If you change the user that runs the MongoDB process, you must also modify the permission to the
/var/log/mongodbdirectories to give this user access to these directories.To specify a different log file directory and data file directory, edit the
storage.dbPathsettings in the
/etc/mongod.conf. Ensure that the user running MongoDB has access to these directories.
- its data files in
Follow these steps to run MongoDB Enterprise Edition. These instructions assume that you are using the default settings.
To run and manage your
mongod process, you will be using
your operating system's built-in init system. Recent versions of
Linux tend to use systemd (which uses the
while older versions of Linux tend to use System V init (which uses
If you are unsure which init system your platform uses, run the following command:
ps --no-headers -o comm 1
Then select the appropriate tab below based on the result:
systemd- select the systemd (systemctl) tab below.
init- select the System V Init (service) tab below.
You can start the
mongod process by issuing the
sudo systemctl start mongod
If you receive an error similar to the following when starting
Failed to start mongod.service: Unit mongod.service not found.
Run the following command first:
sudo systemctl daemon-reload
Then run the start command above again.
Verify that MongoDB has started successfully.¶
You can verify that the
mongod process has started
successfully by issuing the following command:
sudo systemctl status mongod
You can optionally ensure that MongoDB will start following a system reboot by issuing the following command:
sudo systemctl enable mongod
Begin using MongoDB.¶
mongo shell on the same host machine as the
mongod. You can run the
without any command-line options to connect to a
mongod that is running on your localhost with default
To completely remove MongoDB from a system, you must remove the MongoDB applications themselves, the configuration files, and any directories containing data and logs. The following section guides you through the necessary steps.
This process will completely remove MongoDB, its configuration, and all databases. This process is not reversible, so ensure that all of your configuration and data is backed up before proceeding.
Remove any MongoDB packages that you had previously installed.
sudo yum erase $(sudo rpm -qa | grep mongodb-enterprise)
Remove Data Directories.¶
Remove MongoDB databases and log files.
sudo rm -r /var/log/mongodb sudo rm -r /var/lib/mongo
Localhost Binding by Default¶
By default, MongoDB launches with
bindIp set to
127.0.0.1, which binds to the localhost network interface. This
means that the
mongod can only accept connections from
clients that are running on the same machine. Remote clients will not be
able to connect to the
mongod, and the
not be able to initialize a replica set unless this value is set
to a valid network interface.
This value can be configured either:
MongoDB Enterprise Edition Packages¶
MongoDB Enterprise Edition is available from its own dedicated repository, and contains the following officially-supported packages:
Contains the mongocryptd binary