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Configure Auditing

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  • Enable and Configure Audit Output
  • Runtime Audit Filter Management
Note
Auditing in MongoDB Atlas

MongoDB Atlas supports auditing for all M10 and larger clusters. Atlas supports specifying a JSON-formatted audit filter as documented in Configure Audit Filters and using the Atlas audit filter builder for simplified auditing configuration. To learn more, see the Atlas documentation for Set Up Database Auditing and Configure a Custom Auditing Filter.

MongoDB Enterprise supports auditing of various operations. A complete auditing solution must involve all mongod server and mongos router processes.

The audit facility can write audit events to the console, the syslog (option is unavailable on Windows), a JSON file, or a BSON file. For details on the audited operations and the audit log messages, see System Event Audit Messages.

Use the --auditDestination option to enable auditing and specify where to output the audit events.

Warning

For sharded clusters, if you enable auditing on mongos instances, you must enable auditing on all mongod instances in the cluster, i.e. shards and config servers.

To enable auditing and print audit events to the syslog (option is unavailable on Windows) in JSON format, specify syslog for the --auditDestination setting. For example:

mongod --dbpath data/db --auditDestination syslog

Include additional options as required for your configuration. For instance, if you wish remote clients to connect to your deployment or your deployment members are run on different hosts, specify the --bind_ip. For more information, see Localhost Binding Compatibility Changes.

Important

Before you bind to other ip addresses, consider enabling access control and other security measures listed in Security Checklist to prevent unauthorized access.

Warning

The syslog message limit can result in the truncation of the audit messages. The auditing system will neither detect the truncation nor error upon its occurrence.

You may also specify these options in the configuration file:

storage:
dbPath: data/db
auditLog:
destination: syslog

To enable auditing and print the audit events to standard output (i.e. stdout), specify console for the --auditDestination setting. For example:

mongod --dbpath data/db --auditDestination console

Include additional options as required for your configuration. For instance, if you wish remote clients to connect to your deployment or your deployment members are run on different hosts, specify the --bind_ip. For more information, see Localhost Binding Compatibility Changes.

Important

Before you bind to other ip addresses, consider enabling access control and other security measures listed in Security Checklist to prevent unauthorized access.

You may also specify these options in the configuration file:

storage:
dbPath: data/db
auditLog:
destination: console

To enable auditing and print audit events to a file in JSON format, specify the following options:

Option
Value
file
JSON
The output filename. Accepts either the full path name or relative path name.

For example, the following enables auditing and records audit events to a file with the relative path name of data/db/auditLog.json:

mongod --dbpath data/db --auditDestination file --auditFormat JSON --auditPath data/db/auditLog.json

Include additional options as required for your configuration. For instance, if you wish remote clients to connect to your deployment or your deployment members are run on different hosts, specify the --bind_ip. For more information, see Localhost Binding Compatibility Changes.

Important

Before you bind to other ip addresses, consider enabling access control and other security measures listed in Security Checklist to prevent unauthorized access.

The audit file may be rotated with the logRotate command, either alongside the server log or independently. Rotation specifics may be configured with the systemLog.logRotate configuration file option or the --logRotate command-line option.

You may also specify these options in the configuration file:

storage:
dbPath: data/db
auditLog:
destination: file
format: JSON
path: data/db/auditLog.json
Note

Printing audit events to a file in JSON format degrades server performance more than printing to a file in BSON format.

To enable auditing and print audit events to a file in BSON binary format, specify the following options:

Option
Value
file
BSON
The output filename. Accepts either the full path name or relative path name.

For example, the following enables auditing and records audit events to a BSON file with the relative path name of data/db/auditLog.bson:

mongod --dbpath data/db --auditDestination file --auditFormat BSON --auditPath data/db/auditLog.bson

Include additional options as required for your configuration. For instance, if you wish remote clients to connect to your deployment or your deployment members are run on different hosts, specify the --bind_ip. For more information, see Localhost Binding Compatibility Changes.

Important

Before you bind to other ip addresses, consider enabling access control and other security measures listed in Security Checklist to prevent unauthorized access.

The audit file is rotated at the same time as the server log file. Rotation specifics may be configured with the systemLog.logRotate configuration file option or the --logRotate command-line option.

You may also specify these options in the configuration file:

storage:
dbPath: data/db
auditLog:
destination: file
format: BSON
path: data/db/auditLog.bson

The following example converts the audit log into readable form using bsondump and outputs the result:

bsondump data/db/auditLog.bson

Starting in MongoDB 5.0, audit filters can be configured at runtime. Runtime Audit Filter Management provides three benefits compared to audit filter configurations that are specified in a local mongod or mongos configuration file:

Prior to MongoDB 5.0, anyone auditing a MongoDB mongod or mongos instance had to have write access to the host server's file system in order to update audit filters. Runtime Audit Filter Management improves security by separating audit access from administrative access.

Using Runtime Audit Filter Management instead of editing configuration files directly means:

Starting in MongoDB 5.0, when Runtime Audit Filter Management is enabled, auditing can be reconfigured at runtime without restarting the mongod or mongos instance. A statically configured instance has to be restarted to update its audit settings.

Audit filter modifications made at runtime persist when an instance is shutdown and restarted.

Within a cluster, if all participating mongod and mongos nodes are configured to use Runtime Audit Filter Management, then every node will use the same audit filters. In contrast, if each node has its own locally configured audit filters, there is no guarantee of audit filter consistency across nodes.

Starting in MongoDB 5.0, audit configurations for mongod and mongos nodes can be configured at runtime. A group of these nodes can take part in a distributed audit configuration.

To include a node in a distributed audit configuration, update the node's configuration file as follows and restart the server.

Parameter
Value
true
Unset
Unset

The server logs an error and fails to start if:

To modify audit filters and the auditAuthorizationSuccess parameter at runtime, see setAuditConfig.

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