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Update Operators

The following modifiers are available for use in update operations; e.g. in db.collection.update() and db.collection.findAndModify().

Specify the operator expression in a document of the form:

{
<operator1>: { <field1>: <value1>, ... },
<operator2>: { <field2>: <value2>, ... },
...
}
Note

For details on specific operator, including syntax and examples, click on the specific operator to go to its reference page.

Name
Description
Sets the value of a field to current date, either as a Date or a Timestamp.
Increments the value of the field by the specified amount.
Only updates the field if the specified value is less than the existing field value.
Only updates the field if the specified value is greater than the existing field value.
Multiplies the value of the field by the specified amount.
Renames a field.
Sets the value of a field in a document.
Sets the value of a field if an update results in an insert of a document. Has no effect on update operations that modify existing documents.
Removes the specified field from a document.
Name
Description
Acts as a placeholder to update the first element that matches the query condition.
Acts as a placeholder to update all elements in an array for the documents that match the query condition.
Acts as a placeholder to update all elements that match the arrayFilters condition for the documents that match the query condition.
Adds elements to an array only if they do not already exist in the set.
Removes the first or last item of an array.
Removes all array elements that match a specified query.
Adds an item to an array.
Removes all matching values from an array.
Name
Description
Modifies the $push and $addToSet operators to append multiple items for array updates.
Modifies the $push operator to specify the position in the array to add elements.
Modifies the $push operator to limit the size of updated arrays.
Modifies the $push operator to reorder documents stored in an array.
Name
Description
Performs bitwise AND, OR, and XOR updates of integer values.
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  • Update Operators