Navigation

$comment

$comment

The $comment query operator associates a comment to any expression taking a query predicate.

Because comments propagate to the profile log, adding a comment can make your profile data easier to interpret and trace.

The $comment operator has the form:

db.collection.find( { <query>, $comment: <comment> } )

You can use the $comment with any expression taking a query predicate, such as the query predicate in db.collection.update() or in the $match stage of the aggregation pipeline. For an example, see Attach a Comment to an Aggregation Expression.

The following example adds a $comment to a find() operation:

db.records.find(
{
x: { $mod: [ 2, 0 ] },
$comment: "Find even values."
}
)

If the Database Profiler is enabled, the following output shows the comment in the system.profile collection:

{
"op" : "query",
"ns" : "test.records",
"command" : {
"find" : "records",
"filter" : {
"x" : {
"$mod" : [
2,
0
]
},
"$comment" : "Find even values."
},
"comment" : "Find even values.",
...

Comments also appear in the MongoDB log if the database profiler level is set to 2 and slowms is set to 0ms. This db.setProfilingLevel() command sets these two parameters:

db.setProfilingLevel(2, 0)

The comment for the previous db.records.find() example then appears as follows in the MongoDB log:

{"t":{"$date":"2020-09-17T11:32:20.415-07:00"},"s":"I",
"c":"COMMAND", "id":51803, "ctx":"conn7","msg":"Slow query",
"attr":{"type":"command","ns":"test.records","appName":"MongoDB
Shell","command":{"find":"records","filter":{"x":{"$mod":[2.0,0.0]},
"$comment":"Find even values."},"comment":"Find even values."
...

You can use the $comment with any expression taking a query predicate.

The following example uses the $comment operator in the $match stage to clarify the operation:

db.records.aggregate( [
{ $match: { x: { $gt: 0 }, $comment: "Don't allow negative inputs." } },
{ $group : { _id: { $mod: [ "$x", 2 ] }, total: { $sum: "$x" } } }
] )
Tip
See also:
Give Feedback

On this page

  • Definition
  • Behavior
  • Examples