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$min

Definition

$min

Note

Deprecated in the mongo Shell since v3.2
Starting in v3.2, the $min operator is deprecated in the mongo shell. In the mongo shell, use cursor.min() instead.

Specify a $min value to specify the inclusive lower bound for a specific index in order to constrain the results of find(). The $min specifies the lower bound for all keys of a specific index in order.

The mongo shell provides the min() wrapper method:

db.collection.find( { <query> } ).min( { field1: <min value>, ... fieldN: <min valueN>} )

You can also specify the option with either of the two forms:

db.collection.find( { <query> } )._addSpecial( "$min", { field1: <min value1>, ... fieldN: <min valueN> } )
db.collection.find( { $query: { <query> }, $min: { field1: <min value1>, ... fieldN: <min valueN> } } )

Behavior

Interaction with Index Selection

Because min() requires an index on a field, and forces the query to use this index, you may prefer the $gte operator for the query if possible. Consider the following example:

db.collection.find( { _id: 7 } ).min( { age: 25 } )

The query will use the index on the age field, even if the index on _id may be better.

Index Bounds

If you use $max with $min to specify a range, the index bounds specified in $min and $max must both refer to the keys of the same index.

$min without $max

The min and max operators indicate that the system should avoid normal query planning. Instead they construct an index scan where the index bounds are explicitly specified by the values given in min and max.

Warning

If one of the two boundaries is not specified, the query plan will be an index scan that is unbounded on one side. This may degrade performance compared to a query containing neither operator, or one that uses both operators to more tightly constrain the index scan.

Examples

The following examples use the mongo shell wrappers.

Specify Inclusive Lower Bound

Consider the following operations on a collection named collection that has an index { age: 1 }:

db.collection.find().min( { age: 20 } )

This operation limits the query to those documents where the field age is at least 20 and forces a query plan which scans the { age: 1 } index from 20 to MaxKey.

Index Selection

You can explicitly specify the corresponding index with hint(). Otherwise, MongoDB selects the index using the fields in the $max and $min bounds; however, if multiple indexes exist on same fields with different sort orders, the selection of the index may be ambiguous.

Consider a collection named collection that has the following two indexes:

{ age: 1, type: -1 }
{ age: 1, type: 1 }

Without explicitly using hint(), it is unclear which index the following operation will select:

db.collection.find().min( { age: 20, type: 'C' } )

Use with $max

You can use $min in conjunction with $max to limit results to a specific range for the same index, as in the following example:

db.collection.find().min( { age: 20 } ).max( { age: 25 } )
←   $max $orderby  →