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$toDouble(aggregation)

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Definition

$toDouble

New in version 4.0.

Converts a value of to a double. If the value cannot be converted to an double, $toDouble errors. If the value is null or missing, $toDouble returns null.

$toDouble has the following syntax:

{
   $toDouble: <expression>
}

The $toDouble takes any valid expression.

The $toDouble is a shorthand for the following $convert expression:

{ $convert: { input: <expression>, to: "double" } }

Behavior

The following table lists the input types that can be converted to a double:

Input Type Behavior
Boolean
Returns 0 for false.
Returns 1 for true.
Double No-op. Returns the double.
Decimal

Returns the decimal value as a double.

The decimal value must fall within the minimum and maximum value for a double.

You cannot convert a decimal value whose value is less than the minimum double value or is greater than the maximum double value.

Integer Returns the int value as a double.
Long Returns the long value as a double.
String

Returns the numerical value of the string as a double.

The string value must be of a base10 numeric value (e.g. "-5.5", "123456") and fall within the minimum and maximum value for a double.

You cannot convert a string value of a non-base10 number (e.g. "0x6400") or a value that falls outside the minimum and maximum value for a double.

Date Returns the number of milliseconds since the epoch that corresponds to the date value.

The following table lists some conversion to double examples:

Example Results
$toDouble: true 1
$toDouble: false 0
$toDouble: 2.5 2.5
$toDouble: NumberInt(5) 5
$toDouble: NumberLong(10000) 10000
$toDouble: "-5.5" -5.5
$toDouble: ISODate("2018-03-27T05:04:47.890Z") 1522127087890

Example

Create a collection weather with the following documents:

db.weather.insert( [
   { _id: 1, date: new Date("2018-06-01"), temp: "26.1C" },
   { _id: 2,  date: new Date("2018-06-02"), temp: "25.1C" },
   { _id: 3,  date: new Date("2018-06-03"), temp: "25.4C" },
] )

The following aggregation operation on the weather collection parses the temp value and converts to a double:

// Define stage to add degrees field with converted value

tempConversionStage = {
   $addFields: {
      degrees: { $toDouble: { $substrBytes: [ "$temp", 0, 4 ] } }
   }
};


db.weather.aggregate( [
   tempConversionStage,
])

The operation returns the following documents:

{ "_id" : 1, "date" : ISODate("2018-06-01T00:00:00Z"), "temp" : "26.1C", "degrees" : 26.1 }
{ "_id" : 2, "date" : ISODate("2018-06-02T00:00:00Z"), "temp" : "25.1C", "degrees" : 25.1 }
{ "_id" : 3, "date" : ISODate("2018-06-03T00:00:00Z"), "temp" : "25.4C", "degrees" : 25.4 }

Note

If the conversion operation encounters an error, the aggregation operation stops and throws an error. To override this behavior, use $convert instead.