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rs.stepDown()

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Description

rs.stepDown(stepDownSecs, secondaryCatchUpPeriodSecs)

Instructs the primary of the replica set to become a secondary. After the primary steps down, eligble secondaries will hold an election for primary.

The method does not immediately step down the primary. If no electable secondaries are up to date with the primary, the primary waits up to secondaryCatchUpPeriodSecs (by default 10 seconds) for a secondary to catch up. Once an electable secondary is available, the method steps down the primary.

Once stepped down, the original primary becomes a secondary and is ineligible from becoming primary again for the remainder of time specified by stepDownSecs.

For a detailed explanation of the method ‘s execution, see Behavior.

Note

The method is only valid against the primary and throws an error if run on a non-primary member.

The rs.stepDown() method has the following parameters:

Parameter Type Description
stepDownSecs number

The number of seconds to step down the primary, during which time the stepdown member is ineligible for becoming primary. If you specify a non-numeric value, the command uses 60 seconds.

The stepdown period starts from the time that the mongod receives the command. The stepdown period must be greater than the secondaryCatchUpPeriodSecs.

secondaryCatchUpPeriodSecs number

Optional. The number of seconds that mongod will wait for an electable secondary to catch up to the primary.

When specified, secondaryCatchUpPeriodSecs overrides the default wait time of 10 seconds.

rs.stepDown() provides a wrapper around the command replSetStepDown.

Behavior

New in version 3.0.

The rs.stepDown() method attempts to terminate long running user operations that block the primary from stepping down, such as an index build, a write operation or a map-reduce job.

The method then initiates a catchup period where it waits up to secondaryCatchUpPeriodSeconds, by default 10 seconds, for a secondary to become up-to-date with the primary. The primary only steps down if a secondary is up-to-date with the primary during the catchup period to prevent rollbacks.

If no electable secondary meets this criterion by the end of the waiting period, the primary does not step down and the method errors.

Once the primary steps down successfully, that node cannot become the primary for the remainder of the stepDownSecs period, which began when the node received the method. The rs.stepDown() method forces all clients currently connected to the database to disconnect. This helps ensure that the clients maintain an accurate view of the replica set.

Because the disconnect includes the connection used to run the method, you cannot retrieve the return status of the method if the method completes successfully. You can only retrieve the return status of the method if it errors. When running the method in a script, the script should account for this behavior.

Note

All writes to the primary fail during the period starting when the rs.stepDown() method is received until either a new primary is elected, or if there are no electible secondaries, the original primary resumes normal operation. The time period where writes fail is at maximum:

secondaryCatchUpPeriodSecs (10s by default) + electionTimeoutMillis (10s by default).

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