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db.collection.count()

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db.collection.count(query, options)
Important
mongosh Method

This is a mongosh method. This is not the documentation for Node.js or other programming language specific driver methods.

In most cases, mongosh methods work the same way as the legacy mongo shell methods. However, some legacy methods are unavailable in mongosh.

For the legacy mongo shell documentation, refer to the documentation for the corresponding MongoDB Server release:

For MongoDB API drivers, refer to the language specific MongoDB driver documentation.

Note

MongoDB drivers compatible with the 4.0 features deprecate their respective cursor and collection count() APIs in favor of new APIs for countDocuments() and estimatedDocumentCount(). For the specific API names for a given driver, see the driver documentation.

Returns the count of documents that would match a find() query for the collection or view. The db.collection.count() method does not perform the find() operation but instead counts and returns the number of results that match a query.

Important
Parameter
Type
Description
query
document
The query selection criteria.
options
document
Optional. Extra options for modifying the count.

The options document contains the following fields:

Field
Type
Description
limit
integer
Optional. The maximum number of documents to count.
skip
integer
Optional. The number of documents to skip before counting.
hint
string or document
Optional. An index name hint or specification for the query.
maxTimeMS
integer
Optional. The maximum amount of time to allow the query to run.
readConcern
string

Optional. Specifies the read concern. The default level is "local".

To ensure that a single thread can read its own writes, use "majority" read concern and "majority" write concern against the primary of the replica set.

To use a read concern level of "majority", you must specify a nonempty query condition.

New in version 3.2.

collation
document

Optional.

Specifies the collation to use for the operation.

Collation allows users to specify language-specific rules for string comparison, such as rules for lettercase and accent marks.

The collation option has the following syntax:

collation: {
locale: <string>,
caseLevel: <boolean>,
caseFirst: <string>,
strength: <int>,
numericOrdering: <boolean>,
alternate: <string>,
maxVariable: <string>,
backwards: <boolean>
}

When specifying collation, the locale field is mandatory; all other collation fields are optional. For descriptions of the fields, see Collation Document.

If the collation is unspecified but the collection has a default collation (see db.createCollection()), the operation uses the collation specified for the collection.

If no collation is specified for the collection or for the operations, MongoDB uses the simple binary comparison used in prior versions for string comparisons.

You cannot specify multiple collations for an operation. For example, you cannot specify different collations per field, or if performing a find with a sort, you cannot use one collation for the find and another for the sort.

New in version 3.4.

count() is equivalent to the db.collection.find(query).count() construct.

Tip

You cannot use count and shell helpers count() and db.collection.count() in transactions.

For details, see Transactions and Count Operations.

On a sharded cluster, db.collection.count() without a query predicate can result in an inaccurate count if orphaned documents exist or if a chunk migration is in progress.

To avoid these situations, on a sharded cluster, use the db.collection.aggregate() method:

You can use the $count stage to count the documents. For example, the following operation counts the documents in a collection:

db.collection.aggregate( [
{ $count: "myCount" }
])

The $count stage is equivalent to the following $group + $project sequence:

db.collection.aggregate( [
{ $group: { _id: null, count: { $sum: 1 } } }
{ $project: { _id: 0 } }
] )
Tip
See also:

$collStats to return an approximate count based on the collection's metadata.

Consider a collection with the following index:

{ a: 1, b: 1 }

When performing a count, MongoDB can return the count using only the index if:

  • the query can use an index,
  • the query only contains conditions on the keys of the index, and
  • the query predicates access a single contiguous range of index keys.

For example, the following operations can return the count using only the index:

db.collection.find( { a: 5, b: 5 } ).count()
db.collection.find( { a: { $gt: 5 } } ).count()
db.collection.find( { a: 5, b: { $gt: 10 } } ).count()

If, however, the query can use an index but the query predicates do not access a single contiguous range of index keys or the query also contains conditions on fields outside the index, then in addition to using the index, MongoDB must also read the documents to return the count.

db.collection.find( { a: 5, b: { $in: [ 1, 2, 3 ] } } ).count()
db.collection.find( { a: { $gt: 5 }, b: 5 } ).count()
db.collection.find( { a: 5, b: 5, c: 5 } ).count()

In such cases, during the initial read of the documents, MongoDB pages the documents into memory such that subsequent calls of the same count operation will have better performance.

After an unclean shutdown of a mongod using the Wired Tiger storage engine, count statistics reported by count() may be inaccurate.

The amount of drift depends on the number of insert, update, or delete operations performed between the last checkpoint and the unclean shutdown. Checkpoints usually occur every 60 seconds. However, mongod instances running with non-default --syncdelay settings may have more or less frequent checkpoints.

Run validate on each collection on the mongod to restore the correct statistics after an unclean shutdown.

Note

This loss of accuracy only applies to count() operations that do not include a query predicate.

Starting in MongoDB 4.2, if the client that issued the db.collection.count() disconnects before the operation completes, MongoDB marks the db.collection.count() for termination (i.e. killOp on the operation).

To count the number of all documents in the orders collection, use the following operation:

db.orders.count()

This operation is equivalent to the following:

db.orders.find().count()

Count the number of the documents in the orders collection with the field ord_dt greater than new Date('01/01/2012'):

db.orders.count( { ord_dt: { $gt: new Date('01/01/2012') } } )

The query is equivalent to the following:

db.orders.find( { ord_dt: { $gt: new Date('01/01/2012') } } ).count()
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