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cursor.hint()

cursor.hint(index)
Important
mongo Shell Method

This page documents the mongo shell method, and does not refer to the MongoDB Node.js driver (or any other driver) method. For corresponding MongoDB driver API, refer to your specific MongoDB driver documentation instead.

Call this method on a query to override MongoDB's default index selection and query optimization process. Use db.collection.getIndexes() to return the list of current indexes on a collection.

The cursor.hint() method has the following parameter:

Parameter
Type
Description
index
string or document

The index to "hint" or force MongoDB to use when performing the query. Specify the index either by the index name or by the index specification document.

You can also specify { $natural : 1 } to force the query to perform a forwards collection scan, or { $natural : -1 } for a reverse collection scan.

The following example returns all documents in the collection named users using the index on the age field.

db.users.find().hint( { age: 1 } )

You can also specify the index using the index name:

db.users.find().hint( "age_1" )

You can specify { $natural : 1 } to force the query to perform a forwards collection scan:

db.users.find().hint( { $natural : 1 } )

You can also specify { $natural : -1 } to force the query to perform a reverse collection scan:

db.users.find().hint( { $natural : -1 } )
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  • Definition
  • Behavior
  • Examples