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cursor.explain()

cursor.explain(verbosity)
Important
mongo Shell Method

This page documents the mongo shell method, and does not refer to the MongoDB Node.js driver (or any other driver) method. For corresponding MongoDB driver API, refer to your specific MongoDB driver documentation instead.

Provides information on the query plan for the db.collection.find() method.

The explain() method has the following form:

db.collection.find().explain()

The explain() method has the following parameter:

Parameter
Type
Description
verbose
string

Optional. Specifies the verbosity mode for the explain output. The mode affects the behavior of explain() and determines the amount of information to return. The possible modes are: "queryPlanner", "executionStats", and "allPlansExecution".

Default mode is "queryPlanner".

For backwards compatibility with earlier versions of cursor.explain(), MongoDB interprets true as "allPlansExecution" and false as "queryPlanner".

For more information on the modes, see Verbosity Modes.

The explain() method returns a document with the query plan and, optionally, the execution statistics.

The behavior of cursor.explain() and the amount of information returned depend on the verbosity mode.

By default, cursor.explain() runs in queryPlanner verbosity mode.

MongoDB runs the query optimizer to choose the winning plan for the operation under evaluation. cursor.explain() returns the queryPlanner information for the evaluated method.

MongoDB runs the query optimizer to choose the winning plan, executes the winning plan to completion, and returns statistics describing the execution of the winning plan.

cursor.explain() returns the queryPlanner and executionStats information for the evaluated method. However, executionStats does not provide query execution information for the rejected plans.

MongoDB runs the query optimizer to choose the winning plan and executes the winning plan to completion. In "allPlansExecution" mode, MongoDB returns statistics describing the execution of the winning plan as well as statistics for the other candidate plans captured during plan selection.

cursor.explain() returns the queryPlanner and executionStats information for the evaluated method. The executionStats includes the completed query execution information for the winning plan.

If the query optimizer considered more than one plan, executionStats information also includes the partial execution information captured during the plan selection phase for both the winning and rejected candidate plans.

db.collection.explain().find() is similar to db.collection.find().explain() with the following key differences:

See db.collection.explain() for more information.

The following example runs cursor.explain() in "executionStats" verbosity mode to return the query planning and execution information for the specified db.collection.find() operation:

db.products.find(
{ quantity: { $gt: 50 }, category: "apparel" }
).explain("executionStats")

cursor.explain() operations can return information regarding:

The verbosity mode (i.e. queryPlanner, executionStats, allPlansExecution) determines whether the results include executionStats and whether executionStats includes data captured during plan selection.

For details on the output, see Explain Results.

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  • Definition
  • Behavior
  • Example
  • Output