count

Definition

count

Counts the number of documents in a collection. Returns a document that contains this count and as well as the command status.

count has the following form:

{
  count: <collection-name>,
  query: <document>,
  limit: <integer>,
  skip: <integer>,
  hint: <hint>,
  readConcern: <document>
}

count has the following fields:

Field Type Description
count string The name of the collection to count.
query document Optional. A query that selects which documents to count in a collection.
limit integer Optional. The maximum number of matching documents to return.
skip integer Optional. The number of matching documents to skip before returning results.
hint string or document

Optional. The index to use. Specify either the index name as a string or the index specification document.

New in version 2.6.

readConcern document

Optional. Specifies the read concern. The option has the following syntax:

readConcern: { level: <value> }

Possible read concern values are:

For more formation on the read concern levels, see Read Concern Levels.

MongoDB also provides the count() and db.collection.count() wrapper methods in the mongo shell.

Behavior

On a sharded cluster, count can result in an inaccurate count if orphaned documents exist or if a chunk migration is in progress.

To avoid these situations, on a sharded cluster, use the $group stage of the db.collection.aggregate() method to $sum the documents. For example, the following operation counts the documents in a collection:

db.collection.aggregate(
   [
      { $group: { _id: null, count: { $sum: 1 } } }
   ]
)

To get a count of documents that match a query condition, include the $match stage as well:

db.collection.aggregate(
   [
      { $match: <query condition> },
      { $group: { _id: null, count: { $sum: 1 } } }
   ]
)

See Perform a Count for an example.

Accuracy after Unexpected Shutdown

After an unclean shutdown of a mongod using the Wired Tiger storage engine, count statistics reported by count may be inaccurate.

The amount of drift depends on the number of insert, update, or delete operations performed between the last checkpoint and the unclean shutdown. Checkpoints usually occur every 60 seconds. However, mongod instances running with non-default --syncdelay settings may have more or less frequent checkpoints.

Run validate on each collection on the mongod to to restore the correct statistics after an unclean shutdown.

Note

This loss of accuracy only applies to count operations that do not include a query document.

Examples

The following sections provide examples of the count command.

Count All Documents

The following operation counts the number of all documents in the orders collection:

db.runCommand( { count: 'orders' } )

In the result, the n, which represents the count, is 26, and the command status ok is 1:

{ "n" : 26, "ok" : 1 }

Count Documents That Match a Query

The following operation returns a count of the documents in the orders collection where the value of the ord_dt field is greater than Date('01/01/2012'):

db.runCommand( { count:'orders',
                 query: { ord_dt: { $gt: new Date('01/01/2012') } }
               } )

In the result, the n, which represents the count, is 13 and the command status ok is 1:

{ "n" : 13, "ok" : 1 }

Skip Documents in Count

The following operation returns a count of the documents in the orders collection where the value of the ord_dt field is greater than Date('01/01/2012') and skip the first 10 matching documents:

db.runCommand( { count:'orders',
                 query: { ord_dt: { $gt: new Date('01/01/2012') } },
                 skip: 10 }  )

In the result, the n, which represents the count, is 3 and the command status ok is 1:

{ "n" : 3, "ok" : 1 }

Specify the Index to Use

The following operation uses the index { status: 1 } to return a count of the documents in the orders collection where the value of the ord_dt field is greater than Date('01/01/2012') and the status field is equal to "D":

db.runCommand(
   {
     count:'orders',
     query: {
              ord_dt: { $gt: new Date('01/01/2012') },
              status: "D"
            },
     hint: { status: 1 }
   }
)

In the result, the n, which represents the count, is 1 and the command status ok is 1:

{ "n" : 1, "ok" : 1 }

Override Default Read Concern

To override the default read concern level of "local", use the readConcern option.

The following operation on a replica set specifies a Read Concern of "majority" to read the most recent copy of the data confirmed as having been written to a majority of the nodes.

Important

db.runCommand(
   {
     count: "restaurants",
     query: { rating: { $gte: 4 } },
     readConcern: { level: "majority" }
   }
)

To ensure that a single thread can read its own writes, use "majority" read concern and "majority" write concern against the primary of the replica set.

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