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Manage Indexes

Indexes are special data structures that improve query performance. Indexes store a portion of a collection's data in an easy-to-traverse form. The index stores the value of a specific field or set of fields, ordered by the value of the field.

To improve query performance, build indexes on fields that appear often in queries and for all operations that sort by a field.

  • Queries on an indexed field can use the index to limit the number of documents that must be scanned to find matching documents.
  • Sort operations on an indexed field can return documents pre-sorted by the index.

To learn more about indexes, see Indexes.

Note
Considerations

Indexes have some negative performance impact on write operations. For collections with high write-to-read ratio, indexes are expensive since each insert must also update any indexes. For a detailed list of considerations for indexes, see Operational Considerations for Indexes.

The Indexes tab lists the existing indexes for a collection.

To access the Indexes tab for a collection, click on the collection on the left hand pane and select the Indexes tab.

Indexes view

For each index, Compass displays the following information:

Name and Definition
The name of the index and keys.
Type
Regular, text, geospatial or hashed index.
Size
How large the index is.
Usage
Number of times the index has been used since the time the index was created or the last server restart.
Properties
Any special properties (such as uniqueness, partial) of the index.

To create an index on a collection via Compass, the collection must contain documents.

1

From the Indexes tab, click the Create Index button to bring up the Create Index dialog.

2

In the dialog, enter the name of the index to create, or leave blank to have MongoDB create a default name for the index.

3
  1. Specify an index key.

    • To specify an existing document field as an index key, select the field from the dropdown list.
    • To specify a field which does not exist in any document as an index key, enter the field name in the input box.
    • To create a compound index, click Add Another Field.
  2. Use the dropdown to the right of each field name to specify the index type (ascending, descending, or 2dsphere).
Tip
See also:

To learn how to specify a wildcard index, see Wildcard Indexes.

4

Compass supports the following index options:

Option
Description
More Information
Build index in the background
Ensure that the MongoDB deployment remains available during
the index build operation.
Create unique index
Ensure that the indexed fields do not store duplicate values.
Create a TTL index
Delete documents automatically after a specified number of seconds since the indexed field value.
Partial filter expression

Index only the documents which match the specified filter expression.

Example

The following partial filter expression only indexes documents where the timezone field exists:

{ "timezone": { "$exists": true } }
Use custom collation
Create a custom collation for the index using the options provided in Compass.
Wildcard projection (New in MongoDB 4.2)

Support unknown or arbitrary fields which match the specified projection in the index. To use a wildcard projection, set your index field name to $**. This directs Compass to use all fields in the document (excluding _id).

Example

Consider the following wildcard projection document:

{
"product_attributes.elements" : 1,
"product_attributes.resistance" : 1
}

If your index field name is $**, your index only includes the values of the fields in that projection.

5

New in version v4.2.

You can create wildcard indexes to support queries against unknown or arbitrary fields. To create a wildcard index in Compass, manually type the wildcard index field (<field>.$**) into the Select a field name input.

Example

Consider a collection where documents contain a userMetadata object. The fields within the userMetadata object may vary between documents.

You can create a wildcard index on userMetadata to account for all potential fields within the object. Type the following into the Select a field name input:

userMetadata.$**

Specify a type (ascending or descending) for your wildcard index, then click Create Index.

Compass shows the type of your new index as Wildcard.

1

From the Indexes tab, to delete an index, click on the trash can icon for that index. A confirmation dialog appears.

2

In the dialog, enter the name of the index to delete.

3
  • Creating and dropping indexes is not permitted in MongoDB Compass Readonly Edition.
  • The Indexes tab is not available if you are connected to a Data Lake.
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On this page

  • Indexes Tab
  • Create an Index
  • Drop an Index
  • Limitations